The Demographic Transition and Development in Africa

The Unique Case of Ethiopia

  • Charles Teller
  • Assefa Hailemariam

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxx
  2. Introduction: Context and Framework

  3. Demographic Transitions and Human Development

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 17-17
    2. Yordanos Seifu, Mehiret Habte, Solomon Alayu
      Pages 69-88
    3. Moshi Herman, Dennis Hogan, Tefera Belachew, Fasil Tessema, Abebe Gebremariam, David Lindstrom et al.
      Pages 89-101
  4. Health and Nutrition

  5. Population Distribution, Migration, Urbanization and Labor Force

  6. Vulnerability and Adaptation: Case Studies in Population-Resource Pressure and Food Insecurity

  7. Development Policy and Program Evaluation

  8. Conclusions and Policy Implications

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 339-339
    2. Charles Teller, Assefa Hailemariam
      Pages 341-351
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 353-356

About this book


Generalizations about the lack of demographic change and of progress in meeting the MDGs in sub-Saharan Africa are commonplace, but they are often misleading and belie the socio-cultural change. This book compares Ethiopia with other African countries, demonstrating the uniqueness of an African-type demographic transition: a mix of poverty-related negative factors with positive education, health and higher age-of-marriage trends that are pushing this population to accelerate the demographic transition and meet most of the MDGs. The book takes great care with challenges of inadequate data and weak analytical capacity to research this incipient transition, trying to unravel some complexities in Ethiopia: Slowly declining population growth rates with rapidly declining child mortality, very high chronic under-nutrition, low urban but high rural fertility; and high population-resource pressure along with rapidly growing small urban places.


Agro-environmental change Census Demography Ethiopia Fertility Food insecurity Food security HIV/AIDS Health MDG Malnutrition Malthusian and Boserupian theory Mortality Nutrition Political Population growth Poverty Qualitative Methods Statistics Vulnerability

Editors and affiliations

  • Charles Teller
    • 1
  • Assefa Hailemariam
    • 2
  1. 1.Population Reference BureauWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.Inst. Population StudiesAddis Ababa UniversityAddis AbabaEthiopia

Bibliographic information