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  • © 2008

Nishina Memorial Lectures

Creators of Modern Physics

Part of the book series: Lecture Notes in Physics (LNP, volume 746)

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  • ISBN: 978-4-431-77056-5
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Table of contents (18 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages I-XIV
  2. Abstraction in Modern Science

    • Werner Karl Heisenberg
    Pages 1-16
  3. Origins of Life

    • Freeman J. Dyson
    Pages 71-98
  4. The Computing Machines in the Future

    • Richard P. Feynman
    Pages 99-114
  5. From X-Ray to Electron Spectroscopy

    • Kai Siegbahn
    Pages 137-228
  6. Theoretical Paradigms for the Sciences of Complexity

    • Philip W. Anderson
    Pages 229-234
  7. Some Ideas on the Aesthetics of Science

    • Philip W. Anderson
    Pages 235-244
  8. The Experimental Discovery of CP Violation

    • James W. Cronin
    Pages 261-280
  9. The Nanometer Age: Challenge and Change

    • Heinrich Rohrer
    Pages 281-296
  10. From Rice to Snow

    • Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
    Pages 297-318
  11. SCIENCE—A Round Peg in a Square World

    • Harold Kroto
    Pages 319-348
  12. Are We Really Made of Quarks?

    • Jerome I. Friedman
    Pages 349-370
  13. Very Elementary Particle Physics

    • Martinus J.G. Veltman
    Pages 371-392
  14. Back Matter

    Pages 399-402

About this book

Yoshio Nishina, referred to in Japan as the Father of Modern Physics, is well known for his theoretical work on the Klein–Nishina formula, which was done with Oskar Klein in the 6 years he spent in Copenhagen under Niels Bohr during the great era of the development of quantum physics. As described by Professor Ryogo Kubo in Chap. 2 of this volume, Nishina returned to Tokyo in 1929, and started to build up experimental and theoretical groups at RIKEN. His achievements there were many and great: (1) Encouraging Hideki Yukawa and Sin-itiro Tomonaga to tackle a new frontier of physics, leading eventually to their making breakthroughs in fundamental theoretical physics that won them Nobel prizes; (2) the discovery of “mesotrons” (the name for Yukawa particles at that time, now called muons) in 1937, which was published in Phys. Rev. , parallel to two American groups; (3) construction of small and large cyclotrons and subsequent discoveries of an important radioisotope 237 U and of symmetric ?ssion phenomena by fast neutron irradiation of uranium (1939 – 40), published in Phys. Rev. and Nature; and (4) creation of a new style of research institute, open to external reseachers, an idea inherited from Copenhagen. During World-War-II his laboratory was severely damaged, and also his cyclotrons were destroyed and thrown into Tokyo Bay right after the end of the war.

Keywords

  • X-ray
  • cosmology
  • electrodynamics
  • elementary particle
  • experiment
  • modern physics
  • neutron
  • particle physics
  • physics
  • quantum physics
  • quantum theory
  • quark
  • spectroscopy
  • theoretical physics
  • weak interaction

Authors and Affiliations

  • Japan

    Nishina Memorial Foundation

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Nishina Memorial Lectures

  • Book Subtitle: Creators of Modern Physics

  • Authors: Nishina Memorial Foundation

  • Series Title: Lecture Notes in Physics

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-77056-5

  • Publisher: Springer Tokyo

  • eBook Packages: Physics and Astronomy, Physics and Astronomy (R0)

  • Copyright Information: Nishina Memorial Foundation 2008

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-4-431-77055-8

  • Softcover ISBN: 978-4-431-99843-3

  • eBook ISBN: 978-4-431-77056-5

  • Series ISSN: 0075-8450

  • Series E-ISSN: 1616-6361

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XIV, 402

  • Topics: Physics and Astronomy

Buying options

eBook USD 89.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-4-431-77056-5
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book USD 119.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)