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  • © 2007

Alicyclobacillus

Thermophilic Acidophilic Bacilli

Editors:

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  • Unique in focusing on one genus of bacteria

  • Alicyclobacillus is thermoacidophilic, survives the sterilizing process of beverage, proliferates and affects the odor of the products

  • Has been a serious problem for food industries to control the bacteria

  • Aims to bring the information of Alicyclobacillus together and offer helpful understanding to control the bacteria for food industries

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USD 149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-4-431-69850-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
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  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD 199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

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Table of contents (9 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages I-XXIII
  2. Introduction

    • Tetsuya Sawaki
    Pages 1-5
  3. Characteristics of Alicyclobacillus

    • Keiichi Goto, Takashi Tanaka, Rie Yamamoto, Teiichi Suzuki, Hajime Tokuda
    Pages 9-48
  4. Distribution and Epidemiology

    • Hajime Tokuda
    Pages 106-116
  5. Factors of spoilage caused by Alicyclobacillus and prevention measures

    • Kanjiro Takahashi, Keiichi Goto, Takashi Tanaka, Shozo Tanada, Tetsuya Sawaki, Rie Yamamoto
    Pages 117-148
  6. Back Matter

    Pages 155-160

About this book

Soft drinks with pHs lower than 4. 0 are subjected to minimum pasteuri- tion at 65 °C for 10 min as required by the Japanese Food Sanitation Law. Not only pathogenic bacteria but most spore-forming bacteria are unable to grow at this low pH condition, and thus reports of microbial spoilage in pasteurized acidic soft drinks are rare. Since 1982, when the spoilage of aseptically packed apple juice was - tributed to a new type of acidophilic spore-forming bacteria in Germany, a succession of similar complaints regarding other fruit juice concentrates and their products has been received. In the beginning, the bacteria were classified in the genus Bacillus, but later, in 1992, the new genus Ali- clobacillus was proposed owing to their characteristic cellular membranes containing omega-alicyclic fatty acids. A group of Alicyclobacillus strains, responsible for the tainting of fruit juices, was then described as A. a- doterrestris in 1999. They are acidophilic and grow preferably at around pH 4. 0. They are thermophilic and grow better at temperatures above 40 °C. This indicates that we might have been missing them by our or- nary methods of bacterial detection at pH 7. 0 and 35 °C. Their spores are not inactivated by the pasteurizing conditions generally applied to juice concentrates and juice-containing beverages. Above all, because the bac- ria do not produce gas, consumers do not see any sign of spoilage until they open the product and notice its unpleasant taint.

Keywords

  • Life Sciences
  • bacteria
  • food
  • growth
  • prevention

Editors and Affiliations

  • Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo

    Akira Yokota

  • Department of Food Science, Yamawaki Gakuen Junior College, Japan

    Tateo Fujii

  • Department of Food Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Japan

    Tateo Fujii

  • Food Research Laboratories, Mitsui Norin Co., Ltd., Shizuoka, Japan

    Keiichi Goto

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

eBook
USD 149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-4-431-69850-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD 199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)