Perception and Production of Mandarin Tones by Native Speakers and L2 Learners

  • Bei Yang

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Bei Yang
    Pages 1-28
  3. Bei Yang
    Pages 29-47
  4. Bei Yang
    Pages 49-68
  5. Bei Yang
    Pages 69-78
  6. Bei Yang
    Pages 79-102
  7. Bei Yang
    Pages 103-122
  8. Bei Yang
    Pages 123-133
  9. Bei Yang
    Pages 135-154
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 155-162

About this book


Tones are the most challenging aspect of learning Chinese as a second language, and L2 learners’ perceptual categories differ in important and fascinating ways from those of native speakers. This book explores the relationship between tone perception and production among native speakers and non-native learners as illustrated in the experiments the author conducted with native speakers, true learners and heritage learners, all of whom were tested on their ability to produce tones naturally and to perceive 81 synthesized tones in various contexts. The experiments show that each group processes tones differently with regard to both register (tonal level) and contour (tonal shape). The results also reveal how three types of cues – acoustic, psychological and contextual – influence non-native speakers’ tone perception and production.


Acoustic of Tones Heritage Learners Perception and Production of Tones Psychological Features of Tones Second Language Acquisition of Mandarin Tones True Learners

Authors and affiliations

  • Bei Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.East Asian Languages and LiteratureUniversity of Wisconsin—MadisonMadisonUSA

Bibliographic information