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Exploration of Halley’s Comet

  • Michael Grewing
  • Françoise Praderie
  • Rüdeger Reinhard

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXIII
  2. New information on comet P/Halley as depicted by Giotto di Bondone and other Western artists

  3. Encounters with comets: discoveries and puzzles in cometary plasma physics

  4. The pick-up of cometary protons by the solar wind

    1. M. Neugebauer, A. J. Lazarus, K. Altwegg, H. Balsiger, B. E. Goldstein, R. Goldstein et al.
      Pages 21-24
  5. Alfvénic turbulence in the solar wind flow during the approach to comet P/Halley

    1. A. D. Johnstone, A. J. Coates, J. Heath, M. F. Thomsen, B. Wilken, K. Jockers et al.
      Pages 25-32
  6. General features of comet P/Halley: solar wind interaction from plasma measurements

    1. H. Rème, J. A. Sauvaud, C. d’Uston, A. Cros, K. A. Anderson, C. W. Carlson et al.
      Pages 33-38
  7. The Sakigake/Suisei Encounter with comet P/Halley

  8. Waves in the magnetic field and solar wind flow outside the bow shock at comet P/Halley

    1. A. Johnstone, K. Glassmeier, M. Acuna, H. Borg, D. Bryant, A. Coates et al.
      Pages 47-54
  9. Solar wind flow through the comet P/Halley bow shock

    1. A. J. Coates, A. D. Johnstone, M. F. Thomsen, V. Formisano, E. Amata, B. Wilken et al.
      Pages 55-60
  10. Macroscopic perturbations of the IMF by P/Halley as seen by the Giotto magnetometer

    1. J. Raeder, F. M. Neubauer, N. F. Ness, L. F. Burlaga
      Pages 61-64
  11. Low-frequency magnetic field fluctuations in comet P/Halley’s magnetosheath: Giotto observations

    1. K. H. Glaßmeier, F. M. Neubauer, M. H. Acuña, F. Mariani
      Pages 65-68
  12. Fine structure of the magnetic field in comet P/Halley’s coma

    1. Y. G. Yeroshenko, V. A. Styashkin, W. Riedler, K. Schwingenschuh, C. T. Russel
      Pages 69-72
  13. Giotto magnetic-field results on the boundaries of the pile-up region and the magnetic cavity

  14. Identification of boundaries in the cometary environment from ac electric field measurements

    1. M. Mogilevsky, Y. Mikhailov, O. Molchanov, R. Grard, A. Pedersen, J. G. Trotignon et al.
      Pages 80-82
  15. Dust observations of comet P/Halley by the plasma-wave analyser

    1. J. G. Trotignon, C. Béghin, R. Grard, A. Pedersen, V. Formisano, M. Mogilevsky et al.
      Pages 83-88
  16. Comparative study of the low-frequency waves near comet P/Halley during the Vega-1 and Vega-2 flybys

    1. S. Savin, G. Avanesova, M. Balikhin, D. Wozniak, P. Wronowski, S. Klimov et al.
      Pages 89-93
  17. Plasma flow in the cometosheath of P/Halley during the encounter of Suisei

    1. S. Takahashi, T. Terasawa, T. Mukai, M. Kitayama, W. Miyake, K. Hirao
      Pages 94-96
  18. MHD waves detected by ICE at distances ≥ 28 106 km from comet P/Halley: Cometary or solar wind origin?

    1. B. T. Tsurutani, A. L. Brinca, E. J. Smith, R. M. Thorne, F. L. Scarf, J. T. Gosling et al.
      Pages 97-102
  19. Plasma-tail activity at the time of the Vega encounters

    1. M. B. Niedner Jr., K. Schwingenschuh
      Pages 103-108
  20. Observations of cometary plasma-wave phenomena

    1. F. L. Scarf, F. V. Coroniti, C. F. Kennel, D. A. Gurnett, W.-H. Ip, E. J. Smith
      Pages 109-116
  21. Hydromagnetic waves associated with cometary water group ions: Sakigake observation

  22. Plasma properties from the upstream region to the cometopause of comet P/Halley: Vega observations

    1. M. I. Verigin, K. I. Gringauz, A. K. Richter, T. I. Gombosi, A. P. Remizov, K. Szegö et al.
      Pages 121-124
  23. Observations of heavy energetic ions far upstream from comet P/Halley

    1. T. R. Sanderson, K. -P. Wenzel, P. W. Daly, S. W. H. Cowley, R. J. Hynds, I. G. Richardson et al.
      Pages 125-128
  24. Spatial distribution of water-group ions near comet P/Halley observed by Suisei

    1. T. Mukai, W. Miyake, T. Terasawa, M. Kitayama, K. Hirao
      Pages 129-131
  25. An interpretation of the ion pile-up region outside the ionospheric contact surface

    1. W.-H. Ip, R. Schwenn, H. Rosenbauer, H. Balsiger, M. Neugebauer, E. G. Shelley
      Pages 132-136
  26. Description of the main boundaries seen by the Giotto electron experiment inside comet P/Halley-solar wind interaction region

    1. C. d’ Uston, H. Rème, J. A. Sauvaud, A. Cros, K. A. Anderson, C. W. Carlson et al.
      Pages 137-140
  27. In-situ observations of a bi-modal ion distribution in the outer coma of comet P/Halley

    1. M. F. Thomsen, W. C. Feldman, B. Wilken, K. Jockers, W. Stüdemann, A. D. Johnstone et al.
      Pages 141-148
  28. The composition and radial dependence of cometary ions in the coma of comet P/Halley

    1. A. Korth, A. K. Richter, D. A. Mendis, K. A. Anderson, C. W. Carlson, D. W. Curtis et al.
      Pages 149-152
  29. Pick-up ions at comet P/Halley’s bow shock: observations with the IIS spectrometer on Giotto

    1. B. Wilken, A. Johnstone, A. Coates, H. Borg, E. Amata, V. Formisano et al.
      Pages 153-159
  30. Ion temperature and flow profiles in comet P/Halley’s close environment

    1. R. Schwenn, W. -H. Ip, H. Rosenbauer, H. Balsiger, F. Bühler, R. Goldstein et al.
      Pages 160-162
  31. The composition and dynamics of cometary ions in the outer coma of comet P/Halley

    1. H. Balsiger, K. Altwegg, F. Bühler, S. A. Fuselier, J. Geiss, B. E. Goldstein et al.
      Pages 163-168
  32. Expansion velocity and temperatures of gas and ions measured in the coma of comet P/Halley

    1. P. Lämmerzahl, D. Krankowsky, R. R. Hodges, U. Stubbemann, J. Woweries, I. Herrwerth et al.
      Pages 169-173
  33. Giotto-IMS observations of ion-flow velocities and temperatures outside the magnetic cavity of comet P/Halley

    1. B. E. Goldstein, M. Neugebauer, H. Balsiger, J. Drake, S. A. Fuselier, R. Goldstein et al.
      Pages 174-178
  34. The dependence of mass resolution and sensitivity of the PUMA instrument on the energy spread of ions produced by hypervelocity impacts

    1. R. Z. Sagdeev, J. Kissel, E. N. Evlanov, M. N. Fomenkova, N. A. Inogamov, V. N. Khromov et al.
      Pages 179-182
  35. Spatial distribution of heavy ions in comet P/Halley’s coma

    1. O. L. Vaisberg, G. Zastenker, V. Smirnov, B. Khazanov, A. Omelchenko, A. Fedorov et al.
      Pages 183-190
  36. Quasi-periodic features and the radial distribution of cometary ions in the cometary plasma region of comet P/Halley

    1. K. I. Gringauz, M. I. Verigin, A. K. Richter, T. I. Gombosi, K. Szegö, M. Tátrallyay et al.
      Pages 191-194
  37. Electronic spectroscopy and relaxation of some molecular cations of cometary interest

  38. Possible models on disturbances of the plasma tail of comet Halley during the 1985-1986 apparition

  39. Structure and dynamics of the plasma tail of comet P/Halley

    1. T. Saito, K. Yumoto, K. Hirao, S. Minami, K. Saito, E. Smith
      Pages 209-214
  40. Structure and dynamics of the plasma tail of comet P/Halley

    1. K. Tomita, T. Saito, S. Minami
      Pages 215-219
  41. Hot ions observed by the Giotto ion mass spectrometer at the comet P/Halley contact surface

    1. R. Goldstein, D. T. Young, H. Balsiger, F. Buehler, B. E. Goldstein, M. Neugebauer et al.
      Pages 220-224
  42. Photographic observations of tail-formation activities of comet P/Halley in November 1985

  43. The outburst of comet P/Halley on December 12, 1985

    1. J. Watanabe, H. Kawakami, K. Tomita, H. Kinoshita, T. Nakamura, Y. Kozai
      Pages 229-232
  44. Structure and dynamics of plasma-tail condensations of comet P/Halley 1986 and inferences on the structure and activity of the cometary nucleus

  45. Observations of the coma of comet P/Halley and the outburst of 1986 March 24–25 (UT)

    1. T. W. Rettig, J. R. Kern, R. Ruchti, B. Baumbaugh, A. E. Baumbaugh, K. L. Knickerbocker et al.
      Pages 249-255
  46. Observations of ions in comet P/Halley with a focal reducer

    1. K. Jockers, E. H. Geyer, H. Rosenbauer, A. Hänel
      Pages 256-260
  47. Two disconnection events in comet P/Halley and possible solar causes

  48. Activity of the plasma tail of comet P/Halley in March, 1986

  49. The cause of two plasma-tail disconnection events in comet P/Halley during the ICE-Halley radial period

    1. J. W. Brosius, G. D. Holman, M. B. Niedner, J. C. Brandt, J. A. Slavin, E. J. Smith et al.
      Pages 267-275
  50. Energy spectra of energetic ions in the vicinity of comet P/Giacobini-Zinner

    1. I. G. Richardson, S. W. H. Cowley, V. Moore, K. Staines, R. J. Hynds, T. R. Sanderson et al.
      Pages 276-280

About these proceedings

Introduction

The 1985/86 apparition of Halley's Comet turned out to be the most important apparition of a comet ever. It provided a worldwide science community with a wealth of exciting new discoveries, the most remarkable of which was undoubtedly the first image of a cometary nucleus. Halley's Comet is the brightest periodic comet, and the most famous of the 750 known comets. With its 76-year period, its recent appearance was truly a "once-in-a-lifetime" observational opportunity. The 1985/86 apparition was the thirtieth consecutive recorded apparition. Five apparitions ago, the English astronomer Edmond Halley discovered the periodicity of "his" comet and correctly predicted its return in 1758, a triumph for science best appreciated in the context of contemporary views, or rather fears, about comets at that time. The increasingly rapid progress in technological development is very much apparent when one compares the dominant tools for cometary research during Halley's next three apparitions: in 1835 studies were made based on drawings ofthe comet; in 1910 photographic plates were used; while in March 1986 an armada of six spacecraft from four space agencies approached the comet and carried out in situ measurements, 1 AU from the Earth. In 1910, nobody could have dreamed that this was possible, and today it is equally difficult to anticipate what scientists will be able to achieve in 2061.

Keywords

Libration Perihel Population dynamics environment evolution ionosphere iron observatory solar solar system solar wind system the origin turbulence

Editors and affiliations

  • Michael Grewing
    • 1
  • Françoise Praderie
    • 2
  • Rüdeger Reinhard
    • 3
  1. 1.Astronomisches Institut der UniversitätTübingenFed. Rep. of Germany
  2. 2.Observatoire de MeudonMeudon Principal CedexFrance
  3. 3.Space Science Department of ESA/ESTECNoordwijkThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-82971-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-82973-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-82971-0
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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