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Types and Events of Disasters Organization in Various Disaster Situations

Proceedings of the International Congress on Disaster Medicine, Mainz 1977 Part I

  • Rudolf Frey
  • Peter Safar
Conference proceedings

Part of the Disaster Medicine book series (DISASTER, volume 1)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XX
  2. Welcoming Adresses

    1. Peter Safar
      Pages 1-8
  3. Types and Events of Disasters. Definition of Disasters

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 9-9
    2. F. A. Bauhofer
      Pages 11-12
    3. L. Clausen
      Pages 19-21
    4. K. Jessen
      Pages 38-40
    5. C. Manni, S. Puntillo, A. de Ciampis, S. I. Magalini
      Pages 41-46
    6. J. Nehnevajsa
      Pages 102-106
  4. Organization in Various Disaster Situations (Local, Regional, National)

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 115-115
    2. B. Fagerlund
      Pages 117-117
    3. O. Øyen
      Pages 118-119
    4. H. Burghart
      Pages 120-121
    5. D. G. Nancekievill
      Pages 128-132
    6. S. Jeretin
      Pages 166-170
    7. P. Huguenard, C. Desfemmes, J. Metrot
      Pages 171-174
    8. J. de Boer, T. W. Baillie
      Pages 182-185
  5. Workshops

About these proceedings

Introduction

F.A. Bauhofer, Geneva In disaster situations, the particular concern of WHO is not so much to offer immediate relief and assistance for affected communities, but to have ready prepared plans for the provision of primary medical care as well as for resuscitation and casualty services. Disast­ ers are characterized by a need for rapid assistance and by the inability of affected communities to cope with the large scale mortality, morbidity, and damage to essential installations and homes. In some highly elaborate and centralized societies even small­ scale events may assume the proportion of a disaster, if they result in the serious break­ down of vital services. The Executive Board of the World Health Organization has defmed disasters or "emergencies", as situations where there are unforeseen, serious, and immediate threats to public health. Particularly severe disasters may be classified as catastrophes; such -occurrences, whether natural or man-made, disturb or overthrow the existing order. For planning purposes, it is important to distinguish between different types of catastrophes since they require special relief measures. In the past, medical assistance was primarily needed in epidemics of, for example, plague, cholera, and smallpox. Today, health authorities face emergency problems brought about by major accidents and outbreaks of chemical pollution and poisoning, which may have long-term effects. The role of health services may differ quite extenSively in different types of cata­ strophes, and an attempt must be made to draw up specific plans to deal with them.

Keywords

Notfallmedizin Trauma care complications mortality surgery

Editors and affiliations

  • Rudolf Frey
    • 1
  • Peter Safar
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut für AnaesthesiologieUniversitätskliniken MainzMainzGermany
  2. 2.Resuscitation Research CenterUniversity of PittsburghPittsburgUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-67093-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-540-09043-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-67093-0
  • Series Print ISSN 0720-8243
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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