The Risks of Nuclear Energy Technology

Safety Concepts of Light Water Reactors

  • Günter Kessler
  • Anke Veser
  • Franz-Hermann Schlüter
  • Wolfgang Raskob
  • Claudia Landman
  • Jürgen Päsler-Sauer

Part of the Science Policy Reports book series (SCIPOLICY)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. The Physical and Technical Safety Concept of Light Water Reactors

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Günter Kessler, Anke Veser
      Pages 3-9
    3. Günter Kessler, Anke Veser
      Pages 11-32
    4. Günter Kessler, Anke Veser
      Pages 33-78
    5. Günter Kessler, Anke Veser
      Pages 99-129
    6. Günter Kessler, Anke Veser
      Pages 131-149
    7. Günter Kessler, Anke Veser
      Pages 151-168
    8. Günter Kessler, Anke Veser
      Pages 169-172
    9. Günter Kessler, Anke Veser
      Pages 199-238
  3. Safety of German Light-Water Reactors in the Event of a Postulated Aircraft Impact

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 239-239
    2. Franz-Hermann Schlüter
      Pages 241-242
    3. Franz-Hermann Schlüter
      Pages 243-247
    4. Franz-Hermann Schlüter
      Pages 249-259
    5. Franz-Hermann Schlüter
      Pages 261-283
    6. Franz-Hermann Schlüter
      Pages 297-301

About this book

Introduction

The book analyses the risks of nuclear power stations. The security concept of reactors is explained. Measures against the spread of radioactivity after a severe accident, accidents of core melting and a possible crash of an air plane on a reactor containment are discussed. The book covers three scientific subjects of the safety concepts of Light Water Reactors: – A first part describes the basic safety design concepts of operating German Pressurized Water Reactors and Boiling Water Reactors including accident management measures introduced after the reactor accidents of Three Mile Island and Chernobyl. These safety concepts are also compared with the experiences of the Fukushima accidents. In addition, the safety design concepts of the future modern European Pressurized Water Reactor (EPR) and of the future modern Boiling Water Reactor SWR-1000 (KERENA) are presented. These are based on new safety research results of the past decades. – In a second, part the possible crash of military or heavy commercial air planes on a reactor containment is analyzed. It is shown that reactor containments can be designed to resist to such an airplane crash. – In a third part, an online decision system is presented. It allows to analyze the distribution of radioactivity in the atmosphere and to the environment after a severe reactor accident. It provides data for decisions to be taken by authorities for the minimization of radiobiological effects to the population. This book appeals to readers who have an interest in save living conditions and some understanding for physics or engineering.

Keywords

Accidents of Core Melting Airplane Crashes to Reactors Disasters in Nuclear Reactors Dose Values Nuclear Power Plants Natural Disasters Pressurized Water- and Boiling Water Reactors Radiation Protection and Dosimetry Reactor Containment Reactor Security Spread of Radioactivity

Authors and affiliations

  • Günter Kessler
    • 1
  • Anke Veser
    • 2
  • Franz-Hermann Schlüter
    • 3
  • Wolfgang Raskob
    • 4
  • Claudia Landman
    • 5
  • Jürgen Päsler-Sauer
    • 6
  1. 1.StutenseeGermany
  2. 2.EggensteinGermany
  3. 3.StutenseeGermany
  4. 4.Institut für Kern- und Energietechnik (IKET)Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)Eggenstein-LeopoldshafenGermany
  5. 5.Institut für Kern- und Energietechnik (IKET)Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)Eggenstein-LeopoldshafenGermany
  6. 6.Institut für Kern- und Energietechnik (IKET)Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)Eggenstein-LeopoldshafenGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-55116-1
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Energy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-55115-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-55116-1
  • Series Print ISSN 2213-1965
  • Series Online ISSN 2213-1973
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Energy, Utilities & Environment