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Laura Bassi and Science in 18th Century Europe

The Extraordinary Life and Role of Italy's Pioneering Female Professor

  • Monique Frize

About this book

Introduction

This book presents the extraordinary story of a Bolognese woman of the settecento. Laura Maria Caterina Bassi (1711-1778) defended 49 Theses at the University of Bologna on April 17, 1732 and was awarded a doctoral degree on May 12 of the same year. Three weeks before her defense, she was made a member of the Academy of Sciences in Bologna. On June 27 she defended 12 additional Theses. Several of the 61 Theses were on physics and other science topics. Laura was drawn by the philosophy of Newton at a time when most scientists in Europe were still focused on Descartes and Galen. This last set of Theses was to encourage the University of Bologna to provide a lectureship to Laura, which they did on October 29, 1732. Although quite famous in her day, Laura Bassi is unfortunately not remembered much today.

This book presents Bassi within the context of the century when she lived and worked, an era where no women could attend university anywhere in the world, and even less become a professor or a member of an academy. Laura was appointed to the Chair of experimental physics in 1776 until her death. Her story is an amazing one. Laura was a mother, a wife and a good scientist for over 30 years. She made the transition from the old science to the new very early on in her career. Her work was centered on real problems that the City of Bologna needed to solve. It was an exciting time of discovery and she was at the edge of it all the way.

Cover Image: Courtesy of Bononia University Press, from Marta Franceschini’s  Laura Bassi Minerva bolognese, illustrated by Alessandro Battara, 2011 © Bononia University Press, 2011

Portrait of Laura Maria Caterina Bassi at the Palazzo Poggi in Bologna. The illustration includes her thesis and certificate and a globe. The little girl is Laura as a child, a unique girl who lives in a world of her own, where the objects she fantasizes about are not toys or dolls but scientific instruments, tools, geometric shapes. In her mind, she sees the world she will live in, as a woman who will shape history; she is already living and sparking, almost like magic blended with science.

Keywords

Academy of Sciences Bologna Gabriella Berti Logan History of Science Women in Science

Authors and affiliations

  • Monique Frize
    • 1
  1. 1., SITEUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-38685-5
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-38684-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-38685-5
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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