Cooperative Optical Non-Linearity in a Blockaded Rydberg Ensemble

  • Jonathan D.¬†Pritchard

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Jonathan D. Pritchard
    Pages 1-11
  3. Rydberg Atom-Light Interactions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 13-13
    2. Jonathan D. Pritchard
      Pages 15-25
    3. Jonathan D. Pritchard
      Pages 27-36
    4. Jonathan D. Pritchard
      Pages 37-47
    5. Jonathan D. Pritchard
      Pages 49-64
  4. Observations of Cooperativity

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 65-65
    2. Jonathan D. Pritchard
      Pages 67-85
    3. Jonathan D. Pritchard
      Pages 87-114
  5. Rydberg Atom Quantum Optics

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 115-115
    2. Jonathan D. Pritchard
      Pages 117-133
    3. Jonathan D. Pritchard
      Pages 135-144
  6. Conclusions and Outlook

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 145-145
    2. Jonathan D. Pritchard
      Pages 147-149
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 151-158

About this book

Introduction

This thesis describes the first demonstration of a cooperative optical non-linearity based on Rydberg excitation. Whereas in conventional non-linear optics the non-linearity arises directly from the interaction between light and matter, in a cooperative process it is mediated by dipole-dipole interactions between light-induced excitations. For excitation to high Rydberg states where the electron is only weakly bound, the dipole-dipole interactions are extremely large and long range, enabling an enormous enhancement of the non-linear effect. Consequently, cooperative non-linear optics using Rydberg excitations opens a new era for quantum optics enabling large single photon non-linearity to be accessible in free space for the first time. The thesis describes the theoretical underpinnings of the non- linear effect, the pioneering experimental results and implications for experiments in the single photon regime.

Keywords

Cooperative Optical Phenomena Electromagnetically Induced Transparency Long Range Dipole-Dipole Interactions and Blockade Optical Bloch Equations for Interacting Three Level Atoms Optical Probing of Atomic Ensembles Photon Blockade Rydberg Atom Quantum Optics Single Photon Non-linearity

Authors and affiliations

  • Jonathan D.¬†Pritchard
    • 1
  1. 1., Department of PhysicsDurham UniversityDurhamUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-29712-0
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-29711-3
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-29712-0
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
  • About this book