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Antibiotic Resistance

  • Anthony R.M. Coates

Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology book series (HEP, volume 211)

Table of contents

About this book

Introduction

This book describes antibiotic resistance amongst pathogenic bacteria. It starts with an overview of the erosion of the efficacy of antibiotics by resistance and the decrease in the rate of replacement of redundant compounds. The origins of antibiotic resistance are then described. It is proposed that there is a large bacterial resistome which is a collection of all resistance genes and their precursors in both pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria. Ongoing resistance surveillance programs are also discussed, together with the perspective of a clinical microbiologist. The book then turns to specific themes such as the most serious area of resistance in pathogens, namely in Gram-negative organisms. The role of combinations of antibiotics in combating resistance emergence is discussed, particularly in the tuberculosis field, and then the importance of non-multiplying and persistent bacteria which are phenotypically resistant to antibiotics and prolong the duration of therapy of antibiotics which leads to poor compliance and resistance emergence. The role of anti-microbial compounds in textiles is covered, with its potential to exacerbate the spread of resistance. Then, efflux pumps are discussed. The final chapter describes the compounds which are in late stage clinical development, illustrating the paucity of the antibiotic pipeline, especially for Gram-negative bacteria.

Keywords

Antibiotic resistance Clinical trials Gram-negative bacteria Non-multiplying Origins

Editors and affiliations

  • Anthony R.M. Coates
    • 1
  1. 1., Div of Cellular and Molecular MedicineSt. George's, University of LondonLondonUnited Kingdom

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-28951-4
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-28950-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-28951-4
  • Series Print ISSN 0171-2004
  • Series Online ISSN 1865-0325
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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