Macroscopic Metaphysics

Middle-Sized Objects and Longish Processes

  • Paul Needham

Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 390)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Paul Needham
    Pages 1-28
  3. Paul Needham
    Pages 29-45
  4. Paul Needham
    Pages 47-74
  5. Paul Needham
    Pages 75-87
  6. Paul Needham
    Pages 89-111
  7. Paul Needham
    Pages 113-126
  8. Paul Needham
    Pages 151-178
  9. Paul Needham
    Pages 179-199
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 201-224

About this book

Introduction

This book is about our ordinary concept of matter in the form of enduring continuants and the processes in which they are involved in the macroscopic realm. It emphasises what science rather than philosophical intuition tells us about the world, and chemistry rather than the physics that is more usually encountered in philosophical discussions. The central chapters dealing with the nature of matter pursue key steps in the historical development of scientific conceptions of chemical substance.

Like many contemporary discussions of material objects, it relies heavily on mereology. The classical principles are applied to the mereological structure of regions of space, intervals of time, processes and quantities of matter. Quantities of matter, which don’t gain or lose parts over time, are distinguished from individuals, which are typically constituted of different quantities of matter at different times. The proper treatment of the temporal aspect of the features of material objects is a central issue in this book, which is addressed by investigating the conditions governing the application of predicates relating time and other entities. Of particular interest here are relations between quantities of matter and times expressing substance kind, phase and mixture. Modal aspects of these features are taken up in the final chapter.

Keywords

Classical mereology Continuants and occurrents Mereology of temporal intervals Mereology of spatial regions Mereologically based theory of quantities of matter Aristotelian and Stoic theories of substance Mereology and chemistry Constitution not identity Distributivity and cumulativity Distribution, cumulation and accumulation conditions Distinguishing substances Distinguishing substance and phase Criteria for sameness of substance Thermodynamic process Chemical process Modality without essence

Authors and affiliations

  • Paul Needham
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of StockholmStockholmSweden

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70999-4
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2017
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-70998-7
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-70999-4
  • About this book