Coherent Light-Matter Interactions in Monolayer Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides

  • Edbert Jarvis┬áSie

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Edbert Jarvis Sie
    Pages 1-11
  3. Edbert Jarvis Sie
    Pages 13-25
  4. Edbert Jarvis Sie
    Pages 27-36
  5. Edbert Jarvis Sie
    Pages 115-129

About this book

Introduction

This thesis presents optical methods to split the energy levels of electronic valleys in transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) by means of coherent light-matter interactions. The electronic valleys present in monolayer TMDs such as MoS2, WS2, and WSe2 are among the many novel properties exhibited by semiconductors thinned down to a few atomic layers, and have have been proposed as a new way to carry information in next generation devices (so-called valleytronics). These valleys are, however, normally locked in the same energy level, which limits their potential use for applications. The author describes experiment performed with a pump-probe technique using a transient absorption spectroscopy on MoS2 and WS2. It is demonstrated that hybridizing the electronic valleys with light allows one to optically tune their energy levels in a controllable valley-selective manner. In particular, by using off-resonance circularly polarized light at small detuning, one can tune the energy level of one valley through the optical Stark effect. Also presented within are observations, at larger detuning, of a separate contribution from the so-called Bloch--Siegert effect, a delicate phenomenon that has eluded direct observation in solids. The two effects obey opposite selection rules, enabling one to separate the two effects at two different valleys.

Keywords

time-resolved absorption spectroscopy angle-resolved absorption spectroscopy coherent light-matter interactions electronic valleys valleytronics Bloch-Siegert effect optical Stark effect XUV spectroscopy

Authors and affiliations

  • Edbert Jarvis┬áSie
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69554-9
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-69553-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-69554-9
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Aerospace
Consumer Packaged Goods