Advertisement

Foundations of Circulation Control Based Small-Scale Unmanned Aircraft

A Comprehensive Methodology from Concept to Design and Experimental Testing

  • Konstantinos Kanistras
  • Kimon P. Valavanis
  • Matthew J. Rutherford

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 1-6
  3. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 7-12
  4. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 13-18
  5. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 19-25
  6. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 27-35
  7. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 37-46
  8. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 47-56
  9. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 57-78
  10. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 79-97
  11. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 99-105
  12. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 107-121
  13. Konstantinos Kanistras, Kimon P. Valavanis, Matthew J. Rutherford
    Pages 123-133
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 135-138

About this book

Introduction

This book focuses on using and implementing Circulation Control (CC) - an active flow control method used to produce increased lift over the traditionally used systems, like flaps, slats, etc. - to design a new type of fixed-wing unmanned aircraft that are endowed with improved aerodynamic efficiency, enhanced endurance, increased useful payload (fuel capacity, battery cells, on-board sensors) during cruise flight, delayed stall, and reduced runway during takeoff and landing. It presents the foundations of a step-by-step comprehensive methodology from design to implementation and experimental testing of Coandǎ based Circulation Control Wings (CCWs) and CC system, both integral components of the new type of aircraft, called Unmanned Circulation Control Air Vehicle. The methodology is composed of seven coupled phases: theoretical and mathematical analysis, design, simulation, 3-D printing/prototyping, wind tunnel testing, wing implementation and integration, and flight testing. The theoretical analysis focuses on understanding the physics of the flow and on defining the design parameters of the geometry restrictions of the wing and the plenum. The design phase centers on: designs of Coandǎ surfaces based on wing geometry specifications; designing and modifying airfoils from well-known ones (NACA series, Clark-Y, etc.); plenum designs for flow uniformity; dual radius flap designs to delay flow separation and reduce cruise drag. The simulation phase focuses on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis and simulations, and on calculating lift and drag coefficients of the designed CCWs in a simulation environment. 3-D printing and prototyping focuses on the actual construction of the CCWs. Wind tunnel testing centers on experimental studies in a laboratory environment. One step before flight testing is implementation of the qualified CCW and integration on the UAV platform, along with the CC system. Flight testing is the final phase, where design validation is performed.

This book is the first of its kind, and it is suitable for students and researchers interested in the design and development of CCWs for small-scale aircraft. Background knowledge on fundamental Aerodynamics is required.   

Keywords

Class I Unmanned Aircraft Systems Circulation Control Active flow blowing Lift augmentation Dual radius flaps UAV Unmanned Aircrafts

Authors and affiliations

  • Konstantinos Kanistras
    • 1
  • Kimon P. Valavanis
    • 2
  • Matthew J. Rutherford
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, D. F. Ritchie School of Engineering and Computer Science, DU Unmanned Systems Research InstituteUniversity of DenverDenverUSA
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, D. F. Ritchie School of Engineering and Computer Science, DU Unmanned Systems Research InstituteUniversity of DenverDenverUSA
  3. 3.Department of Computer Science, D. F. Ritchie School of Engineering and Computer Science, DU Unmanned Systems Research InstituteUniversity of DenverDenverUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-67852-8
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing AG 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Engineering
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-67851-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-67852-8
  • Series Print ISSN 2213-8986
  • Series Online ISSN 2213-8994
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
Industry Sectors
Materials & Steel
Automotive
Biotechnology
Electronics
Energy, Utilities & Environment
Aerospace
Oil, Gas & Geosciences
Engineering