Youth and Justice in Western States, 1815-1950

From Punishment to Welfare

  • Jean Trépanier
  • Xavier Rousseaux

Part of the World Histories of Crime, Culture and Violence book series (WHCCV)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Jean Trépanier, Xavier Rousseaux
    Pages 1-13
  3. An International Overview

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 15-15
  4. Nineteenth Century Responses to Juvenile Delinquency: Punishment, Reform and Child Protection

  5. A New Institution in the Welfare Era: Juvenile Court Policies and Practices

  6. Children and Families Before the Juvenile Court

  7. Back Matter
    Pages 419-433

About this book

Introduction

This book explores the treatment of junevile offenders in modern Western history. The last few decades have witnessed major debates over youth justice policies. Juvenile and youth justice legislation has been reviewed in a number of countries. Despite the fact that new perspectives, such as restorative justice, have emerged, the debates have largely focused on issues that bring us back to the inception of juvenile justice: namely whether youth justice ought to be more akin to punitive adult criminal justice, or more sensitive to the welfare of youths. This issue has been at the core of policy choices that have given juvenile justice its orientations since the beginning of the twentieth century. It also gave shape to the evolution that paved the way for the creation of juvenile courts in the nineteenth century. Understanding those early debates is essential if we are to understand current debates, and place them into perspective.

Based on primary archival research, this comprehensive study begins by presenting the roots, birth and evolution of juvenile justice, from the nineteenth century up to the beginning of the twenty-first. The second part deals with nineteenth century responses to juvenile delinquency in England and Canada, while the third focuses on the welfare orientation that characterized juvenile courts in the first half of the twentieth century in Switzerland, the Netherlands, Germany and Belgium. Finally, the fourth part focuses on the perspective of the youths and their families in Belgium, France and Canada.

Keywords

juvenile justice legislation restorative justice criminal justice juvenile courts

Editors and affiliations

  • Jean Trépanier
    • 1
  • Xavier Rousseaux
    • 2
  1. 1.University of MontrealMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Université catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66245-9
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2018
  • Publisher Name Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
  • eBook Packages History
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-66244-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-66245-9
  • About this book