Advertisement

Arsenic Contamination in the Environment

The Issues and Solutions

  • Dharmendra Kumar Gupta
  • Soumya Chatterjee

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Dharmendra K. Gupta, Sarita Tiwari, B. H. N. Razafindrabe, Soumya Chatterjee
    Pages 1-12
  3. Soumya Chatterjee, Roxana Moogoui, Dharmendra K. Gupta
    Pages 13-35
  4. Soumya Chatterjee, Sibnarayan Datta, Dharmendra K. Gupta
    Pages 37-66
  5. Soumya Chatterjee, Mridul Chetia, Anna Voronina, Dharmendra K. Gupta
    Pages 103-121
  6. Anindita Mitra, Soumya Chatterjee, Dharmendra K. Gupta
    Pages 145-169
  7. Sarma Rajeev Kumar, Gowtham Iyappan, Hema Jagadeesan, Sathishkumar Ramalingam
    Pages 171-186
  8. Anindita Mitra, Soumya Chatterjee, Dharmendra K. Gupta
    Pages 195-213
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 215-218

About this book

Introduction

This book provides an overview to researchers, graduate, and undergraduate students, as well as academicians who are interested in arsenic. It covers human health risks and established cases of human ailments and sheds light on prospective control measures, both biological and physico-chemical.

Arsenic (As) is a widely distributed element in the environment having no known useful physiological function in plants or animals. Historically, this metalloid has been known to be used widely as a poison. Effects of arsenic have come to light in the past few decades due to its increasing contamination in several parts of world, with the worst situation being in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India. The worrying issue is the ingestion of arsenic through water and food and associated health risks due to its carcinogenic and neurotoxic nature. The impact of the problem is widespread, and it has led to extensive research on finding both the causes and solutions. These attempts have allowed us to understand the various probable causes of arsenic contamination in the environment, and at the same time, have provided a number of possible solutions. It is reported that more than 200 mineral species contain As. Generally, As binds with iron and sulfur to form arsenopyrite. According to one estimate from the World Health Organization (WHO), contextual levels of As in soil ranges from 1 to 40 mg kg-1. Arsenic toxicity is related to its oxidation state which is present in the medium. As is a protoplastic toxin, due to its consequence on sulphydryl group it interferes in cell enzymes, cell respiration and in mitosis. Exposure of As may occur to humans via several industries, such as refining or smelting of metal ores, microelectronics, wood preservation, battery manufacturing, and also to those who work in power plants that burn arsenic-rich coal.

Keywords

arsenic and human health arsenic contamination arsenic in Bangladesh arsenic in groundwater biological aspects of arsenic phytoremediation of arsenic

Editors and affiliations

  • Dharmendra Kumar Gupta
    • 1
  • Soumya Chatterjee
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Radioecology and Radiation Protection (IRS)University of HannoverHannoverGermany
  2. 2.Defence Research LaboratoryDefence Research and Development Organization (DRDO)TezpurIndia

Bibliographic information

Industry Sectors
Materials & Steel
Oil, Gas & Geosciences
Engineering