Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology

Logical, Epistemological, and Cognitive Issues

  • Lorenzo Magnani
  • Claudia Casadio

Part of the Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics book series (SAPERE, volume 27)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Models, Mental Models, and Representations

  3. Abduction, Problem Solving, and Practical Reasoning

About these proceedings

Introduction

This book discusses how scientific and other types of cognition make use of models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning in order to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. It includes revised contributions presented during the international conference on Model-Based Reasoning (MBR’015), held on June 25-27 in Sestri Levante, Italy.  The book is divided into three main parts, the first of which focuses on models, reasoning and representation. It highlights key theoretical concepts from an applied perspective, addressing issues concerning information visualization, experimental methods and design. The second part goes a step further, examining abduction, problem solving and reasoning. The respective contributions analyze different  types of reasoning, discussing various concepts of inference and creativity and their relationship with experimental data. In turn, the third part reports on a number of historical, epistemological and technological issues. By analyzing possible contradictions in modern research and describing representative case studies in experimental research, this part aims at fostering new discussions and stimulating new ideas.  All in all, the book provides researchers and  graduate students in the field of applied philosophy, epistemology, cognitive science and artificial intelligence alike with an authoritative snapshot of current theories and applications of model-based reasoning.

 

 

 

Keywords

Mental Models Abductive Cognition Eco-Cognitive Models No-Miracle Argument Strong Predictivism Explorative Experiments Thought Experiments Cognitive Niche Construction Analogy-Making Analogy As Categorization Human Game Playing Human Problem Solving Diagrams In Scientific Practice Real-World Experiments Simulative Model-Based Reasoning Computer Models Scientific Realism Embodied Cognition Model-Based Design MBR’015

Editors and affiliations

  • Lorenzo Magnani
    • 1
  • Claudia Casadio
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Humanities, Philosophy Section, and Computational Philosophy LaboratoryUniversity of PaviaPaviaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Philosophy, Education and Economical-Quantitative SciencesUniversity of Chieti and PescaraChietiItaly

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-38983-7
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Religion and Philosophy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-38982-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-38983-7
  • Series Print ISSN 2192-6255
  • Series Online ISSN 2192-6263
  • About this book