Evolution of Karst in the Lower Part of Crna Reka River Basin

  • Marjan¬†Temovski

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Marjan Temovski
    Pages 1-4
  3. Marjan Temovski
    Pages 5-21
  4. Marjan Temovski
    Pages 23-41
  5. Marjan Temovski
    Pages 43-94
  6. Marjan Temovski
    Pages 95-196
  7. Marjan Temovski
    Pages 197-203
  8. Marjan Temovski
    Pages 205-215
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 217-265

About this book

Introduction

This thesis addresses karst development in a terrain characterized by a highly complex geological and geomorphological evolution. It tackles the extent and complexity of both epigenic and hypogenic karst development, based on morphological analyses of caves, combined with analyses and datations of cave sediments and their correlation to regional geological and geomorphological evolution.

 

Hypogenic karst registered is mainly the result of hydrothermal speleogenesis due to increased geothermal gradient in connection with nearby Pliocene-Pleistocene volcanic centers, with occurrence of sulfuric acid speleogenesis and ghost-rock weathering due to local geological or lithological control. Epigenic speleogenesis is strongly controlled by base level oscillations, with also examples of deep phreatic (now fossil) caves connected to regional base level rise, and per-ascensum speleogenesis.

 

Another important finding is the constraining of the timing of Mariovo Lake draining in the Pleistocene, an important event in order to understand the geomorphological evolution in Macedonia, as it led to the onset of fluvial development and incision of valleys, shaping most of the present morphology.


Keywords

Crna Reka Epigenic speleogenesis Ghost-rock weathering Hypogenic speleogenesis Karst evolution Macedonia Mariovo Lake draining Per-ascensum speleogenesis Sulfuric acid speleogenesis

Authors and affiliations

  • Marjan¬†Temovski
    • 1
  1. 1.Hertelendi Laboratory of Environmental StudiesInstitute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences DebrecenPostojnaSlovenia

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-24547-8
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-24545-4
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-24547-8
  • Series Print ISSN 2190-5053
  • Series Online ISSN 2190-5061
  • About this book
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