Climate Driven Retreat of Mount Baker Glaciers and Changing Water Resources

  • Mauri Pelto

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Climate Studies book series (BRIEFSCLIMATE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Mauri Pelto
    Pages 13-23
  3. Mauri Pelto
    Pages 25-47
  4. Mauri Pelto
    Pages 49-60
  5. Mauri Pelto
    Pages 79-107

About this book

Introduction

This book presents the impact of climate change on Mount Baker glaciers, USA, and the rivers surrounding them. Glaciers are natural reservoirs that yield their resource primarily on warm dry summer days when other sources are at their lowest yield.  This natural tempering of drought conditions will be reduced as they retreat.
Mount Baker, a volcano in the Cascades of Washington, is currently host to 12 principal glaciers with an area of 36.8 km2.  The glaciers yield 125 million cubic meters of water each summer that is a resource for salmon, irrigation and hydropower to the Nooksack River and Baker River watersheds.  Recent rapid retreat of all 22 glaciers is altering the runoff from the glaciers, impacting both the discharge and temperature of the Nooksack and Baker River. Over the last 30 years we have spent 270 nights camped on the mountain conducting 10,500 observations of snow depth and melt rate on Mount Baker. This data combined with observations of terminus change, area change and glacier runoff over the same 30 years allow an unusually comprehensive story to be told of the effects of climate change to Mount Baker Glaciers and the rivers that drain them.

Keywords

Climate Change Impact on Glaciers Glacier Retreat Glacier Runoff Water Resources mount baker salmon

Authors and affiliations

  • Mauri Pelto
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental ScienceNichols CollegeDUDLEYUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-22605-7
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-22604-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-22605-7
  • Series Print ISSN 2213-784X
  • Series Online ISSN 2213-7858
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Engineering
Finance, Business & Banking
Materials & Steel
Energy, Utilities & Environment