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Non-equilibrium Phenomena in Confined Soft Matter

Irreversible Adsorption, Physical Aging and Glass Transition at the Nanoscale

  • Simone Napolitano

Part of the Soft and Biological Matter book series (SOBIMA)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Equilibration and Physical Aging

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Kun Geng, Fei Chen, Zhaohui Yang, Ophelia K. C. Tsui
      Pages 25-46
    3. Yunlong Guo, Rodney D. Priestley
      Pages 47-88
  3. Irreversible Adsorption

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 109-109
    2. Caroline Housmans, Philippe Vandestrick, Michele Sferrazza, Jean-Paul Ryckaert, Simone Napolitano
      Pages 111-128
    3. Naisheng Jiang, Maya K. Endoh, Tadanori Koga
      Pages 129-160
    4. Hung Kim Nguyen, Daniele Prevosto, Massimiliano Labardi, Simone Capaccioli, Mauro Lucchesi
      Pages 161-185
  4. Glass Transition and Material Properties

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 187-187
    2. Daniel E. Martínez-Tong, Alejandro Sanz, Jaime Martín, Tiberio A. Ezquerra, Aurora Nogales
      Pages 189-206
    3. Simona Capponi, Simone Napolitano, Michael Wübbenhorst
      Pages 227-244
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 299-300

About this book

Introduction

This book presents cutting-edge experimental and computational results and provides comprehensive coverage on the impact of non-equilibrium structure and dynamics on the properties of soft matter confined to the nanoscale. The book is organized into three main sections:

·         Equilibration and physical aging: by treating non-equilibrium phenomena with the formal methodology of statistical physics in bulk, the analysis of the kinetics of equilibration sheds new light on the physical origin of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer films. Both the impact of sample preparation and that of interfacial interactions are analyzed using a large set of experiments. A historical overview of the investigation of the non-equilibrium character of thin polymer films is also presented. Furthermore, the discussion focuses on how interfaces and geometrical confinement perturb the pathways and kinetics of equilibrations of soft glasses (a process of tremendous technological interest).

·         Irreversible adsorption: the formation of stable adsorbed layers occurs at timescales much larger than the time necessary to equilibrate soft matter in bulk. The question is posed as to whether this process could be considered as the driving force of equilibration. In this section, the investigation of the physics of irreversible chain adsorption is accompanied by a detailed analysis of the molecular dynamics, structure, morphology, and crystallization of adsorbed layers.

·         Glass transition and material properties: the discussion covers a broad range of non-equilibrium phenomena affecting different families of soft materials – polymers, low molecular weight glass formers, and liquid crystals. In these systems, geometrical confinement induces the formation of non-equilibrium phases, otherwise not

achievable via processing of bulk samples. The examples illustrated in this section show how non-equilibrium phenomena can be exploited as innovative processing parameters to fabricate novel nanomaterials with improved performance. Finally, the differences between experiments performed under equilibrium conditions and temperature scans from equilibrium to non-equilibrium states at the nanoscale are discussed.

Keywords

Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy Chain Confiment in Ultrathin Films Characterization of Confinement Effects Confined Glass-Forming Liquids Irreversible Chain Adsorption Irreversibly Adsorbed Polymer Layers Molecular Dynamics in Confinement Nanoscopic Confinement Out-of-equilibrium Glass Dynamics Physical Aging of Polymer Glasses Polymers under Confinement Surface Dynamics of Thin Polymer Films

Editors and affiliations

  • Simone Napolitano
    • 1
  1. 1.Polymer and Soft Matter Dynamics, Faculté des SciencesUniversité Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)BrusselsBelgium

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-21948-6
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-21947-9
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-21948-6
  • Series Print ISSN 2213-1736
  • Series Online ISSN 2213-1744
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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