Enhanced Surface Imaging of Crustal Deformation

Obtaining Tectonic Force Fields Using GPS Data

  • A. John Haines
  • Lada L. Dimitrova
  • Laura M. Wallace
  • Charles A. Williams

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences book series (BRIEFSEARTH)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. A. John Haines, Lada L. Dimitrova, Laura M. Wallace, Charles A. Williams
    Pages 1-7
  3. A. John Haines, Lada L. Dimitrova, Laura M. Wallace, Charles A. Williams
    Pages 9-18
  4. A. John Haines, Lada L. Dimitrova, Laura M. Wallace, Charles A. Williams
    Pages 19-44
  5. A. John Haines, Lada L. Dimitrova, Laura M. Wallace, Charles A. Williams
    Pages 45-62
  6. A. John Haines, Lada L. Dimitrova, Laura M. Wallace, Charles A. Williams
    Pages 63-75
  7. A. John Haines, Lada L. Dimitrova, Laura M. Wallace, Charles A. Williams
    Pages 77-94
  8. A. John Haines, Lada L. Dimitrova, Laura M. Wallace, Charles A. Williams
    Pages 95-99

About this book

Introduction

This book takes an in depth look at a novel methodology for analyzing Global Positioning System (GPS) data to obtain the highest possible resolution surface imaging of tectonic deformation sources without prescribing the nature of either the sources or the subsurface medium. GPS methods are widely used to track the surface expression of crustal deformation at tectonic plate boundaries, and are typically expressed in terms of velocity fields or strain rate fields. Vertical derivatives of horizontal stress (VDoHS) rates at the Earth’s surface can also be derived from GPS velocities, and VDoHS rates provide much higher resolution information about subsurface deformation sources than velocities or strain rates. In particular, VDoHS rates allow for high precision estimates of fault dips, slip rates and locking depths, as well as objective characterization of previously unknown (or hidden) tectonic deformation zones.

Keywords

Bayesian inversion and geodesy GPS analysis and geodesy Geodesy and Crustal deformation Partial differential equations and stress and strain Spatial analysis and geodesy Stress and strain and crustal deformation Tectonic hazards and crustal deformation

Authors and affiliations

  • A. John Haines
    • 1
  • Lada L. Dimitrova
    • 2
  • Laura M. Wallace
    • 3
  • Charles A. Williams
    • 4
  1. 1.GNS ScienceDunedinNew Zealand
  2. 2.Institute for GeophysicsUniversity of TexasAustinUSA
  3. 3.Institute for GeophysicsUniversity of TexasAustinUSA
  4. 4.GNS ScienceAvalonNew Zealand

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-21578-5
  • Copyright Information The Author(s) 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-21577-8
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-21578-5
  • Series Print ISSN 2191-5369
  • Series Online ISSN 2191-5377
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Engineering
Materials & Steel
Aerospace
Oil, Gas & Geosciences