Atomic Properties in Hot Plasmas

From Levels to Superconfigurations

  • Jacques Bauche
  • Claire Bauche-Arnoult
  • Olivier Peyrusse

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 1-5
  3. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 7-36
  4. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 37-52
  5. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 53-133
  6. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 135-159
  7. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 161-201
  8. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 203-223
  9. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 225-242
  10. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 243-282
  11. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 283-295
  12. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 297-309
  13. Jacques Bauche, Claire Bauche-Arnoult, Olivier Peyrusse
    Pages 311-328
  14. Back Matter
    Pages 329-379

About this book

Introduction

This book is devoted to the calculation of hot-plasma properties which generally requires a huge number of atomic data. It is the first book that combines information on the details of the basic atomic physics and its application to atomic spectroscopy with the use of the relevant statistical approaches. Information like energy levels, radiative rates, collisional and radiative cross-sections, etc., must be included in equilibrium or non-equilibrium models in order to describe both the atomic-population kinetics and the radiative properties. From the very large number of levels and transitions involved in complex ions, some statistical (global) properties emerge.

The book presents a coherent set of concepts and compact formulas suitable for tractable and accurate calculations. The topics addressed are: radiative emission and absorption, and a dozen of other collisional and radiative processes; transition arrays between level ensembles (configurations, superconfigurations); effective temperatures of configurations, superconfigurations, and ions; charge-state distributions; radiative power losses and opacity. There are many numerical examples and comparisons with experiment presented throughout the book. The plasma properties described in this book are especially relevant to large nuclear fusion facilities such as the NIF (California) and the ITER (France), and to astrophysics.

Methods relevant to the central-field configurational model are described in detail in the appendices: tensor-operator techniques, second-quantization formalism, statistical distribution moments, and the algebra of partition functions. Some extra tools are propensity laws, correlations, and fractals. These methods are applied to the analytical derivation of many properties, specially the global ones, through which the complexity is much reduced. The book is intended for graduate-level students, and for physicists working in the field.

Keywords

Charge-state Distributions in Hot Plasmas Dense Plasma Effects Effective Temperatures in NLTE Regimes Energy-transfer Problem in Astrophysics Radiative Properties of Hot Dense Matter Radiative Transfer and Radiation Hydrodynamics Unresolved and Resolved Transition Arrays

Authors and affiliations

  • Jacques Bauche
    • 1
  • Claire Bauche-Arnoult
    • 2
  • Olivier Peyrusse
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire Aimé CottonParis-Sud UniversityOrsayFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire Aimé CottonUniversity Paris-SudOrsayFrance
  3. 3.Laboratoire Centre Lasers Intenses et Applications (CELIA)University Bordeaux 1TalenceFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-18147-9
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Physics and Astronomy
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-18146-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-18147-9
  • About this book