The Breeder's Exception to Patent Rights

Analysis of Compliance with Article 30 of the TRIPS Agreement

  • Viola Prifti

Part of the International Law and Economics book series (ILEC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxiv
  2. Viola Prifti
    Pages 1-5
  3. Viola Prifti
    Pages 7-10
  4. Viola Prifti
    Pages 11-29
  5. Viola Prifti
    Pages 31-78
  6. Viola Prifti
    Pages 151-159
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 161-176

About this book


This book is the first to analyze the compliance of different types of a breeder's exception to patent rights with article 30 of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights. This type of exception allows using protected biological matter for breeding new varieties of plants. The breeder’s exception is widely accepted under plant variety legislation, but it is not common under patent laws despite the fact that patent rights often cover plant varieties. Only few European countries have adopted such an exception. After the entry into force of the Agreement on a Unified Patent Court, the exception will be mandatory for all European Union Member states. Based on a legal and economic approach, this book offers guidance to those countries that need to incorporate a breeder's exception into their national patent systems and suggests the importance of the exception for promoting plant breeding activities.


Breeder's exception Law and Economics Patent law Patent rights Plant variety protection TRIPS Agreement

Authors and affiliations

  • Viola Prifti
    • 1
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Innovation and CompetitionMunichGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-15770-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-15771-9
  • Series Print ISSN 2364-1851
  • Series Online ISSN 2364-186X
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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