History as a Science and the System of the Sciences

Phenomenological Investigations

  • Thomas M. Seebohm

Part of the Contributions To Phenomenology book series (CTPH, volume 77)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Thomas M. Seebohm
    Pages 1-7
  3. Phenomenological Preliminaries

  4. The Methodology of the Historical Human Sciences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 99-99
    2. Thomas M. Seebohm
      Pages 101-129
    3. Thomas M. Seebohm
      Pages 131-157
  5. The Methodology of the Natural Sciences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 159-159
    2. Thomas M. Seebohm
      Pages 183-254
  6. The Natural Sciences, the Historical Human Sciences, and the Systematic Human Sciences

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 255-255
    2. Thomas M. Seebohm
      Pages 257-276
    3. Thomas M. Seebohm
      Pages 277-375
  7. Summary and Conclusions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 377-377
    2. Thomas M. Seebohm
      Pages 379-413
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 415-443

About this book

Introduction

​This volume goes beyond presently available phenomenological analyses based on the structures and constitution of the lifeworld. It shows how the science of history is the mediator between the human and the natural sciences. It demonstrates that the distinction between interpretation and explanation does not imply a strict separation of the natural and the human sciences. Finally, it shows that the natural sciences and technology are inseparable, but that technology is one-sidedly founded in pre-scientific encounters with reality in the lifeworld. In positivism the natural sciences are sciences because they offer causal explanations testable in experiments and the humanities are human sciences only if they use methods of the natural sciences. For epistemologists following Dilthey, the human sciences presuppose interpretation and the human and natural sciences must be separated. There is phenomenology interested in psychology and the social sciences that distinguish the natural and the human sciences, but little can be found about the historical human sciences. This volume fills the gap by presenting analyses of the material foundations of the "understanding" of expressions of other persons, and of primordial recollections and expectations founding explicit expectations and predictions in the lifeworld. Next, it shows, on the basis of history as applying philological methods in interpretations of sources, the role of a universal spatio-temporal framework for reconstructions and causal explanations of "what has really happened".

Keywords

Formal sciences versus material sciences Foundations of the sciences in the Iifeworld Human sciences versus natural sciences Husserl and the human sciences Husserl and the natural sciences Interpretation versus explanation Phenomenological and analytical philosophy of science Phenomenological epistemology Phenomenological mereology Science and technology

Authors and affiliations

  • Thomas M. Seebohm
    • 1
  1. 1.(deceased)BonnGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-13587-8
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-13586-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-13587-8
  • Series Print ISSN 0923-9545
  • Series Online ISSN 2215-1915
  • About this book