The Mathematics of Elections and Voting

  • W.D. Wallis

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. W. D. Wallis
    Pages 1-2
  3. W. D. Wallis
    Pages 3-18
  4. W. D. Wallis
    Pages 33-45
  5. W. D. Wallis
    Pages 59-68
  6. W. D. Wallis
    Pages 69-77
  7. W. D. Wallis
    Pages 79-87
  8. Back Matter
    Pages 89-96

About this book


The Mathematics of Elections and Voting  takes an in-depth look at the mathematics in the context of voting and electoral systems, with focus on simple ballots, complex elections, fairness, approval voting, ties, fair and unfair voting, and manipulation techniques. The exposition opens with a sketch of the mathematics behind the various methods used in conducting elections. The reader is lead to a comprehensive picture of the theoretical background of mathematics and elections through an analysis of Condorcet’s Principle and Arrow’s Theorem of conditions in electoral fairness. Further detailed discussion of various related topics include: methods of manipulating the outcome of an election, amendments, and voting on small committees.

In recent years, electoral theory has been introduced into lower-level mathematics courses, as a way to illustrate the role of mathematics in our everyday life.  Few books have studied voting and elections from a more formal mathematical viewpoint.  This text will be useful to those who teach lower level courses or special topics courses and aims to inspire students to understand the more advanced mathematics of the topic. The exercises in this text are ideal for upper undergraduate and early graduate students, as well as those with a keen interest in the mathematics behind voting and elections. ​


Arrow’s Theorem Condorcet’s principle Elections majority rule plurality voting voting fairness

Authors and affiliations

  • W.D. Wallis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsSouthern Illinois UniversityEvansvilleUSA

Bibliographic information

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