Experts and Consensus in Social Science

  • Carlo Martini
  • Marcel Boumans

Part of the Ethical Economy book series (SEEP, volume 50)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Marcel Boumans, Carlo Martini
    Pages 1-13
  3. Consensus in Practice

  4. Frameworks of Consensus

  5. Attributing Standards of Expertise

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 153-153
    2. Maria Jimenez-Buedo
      Pages 171-189
    3. Filip Buekens, Fred Truyen
      Pages 213-229
  6. The Democratic Dimension

  7. Back Matter
    Pages 297-305

About this book

Introduction

This book brings together the research of philosophers and social scientists. It examines those areas of scientific practice where reliance on the subjective judgment of experts and practitioners is the main source of useful knowledge to address, and, possibly, bring solutions to social problems. A common phenomenon in applications of science is that objective evidence does not point to a single answer, or solution, to a problem. Reliance on subjective judgment, then, becomes necessary, despite the known fact that hunches, even those of putative experts, often provide information that is not very accurate, and that experts are prone to fallacies and biases. The book looks at how experts reach consensus in the social sciences, and which experts are relevant to which problems. This book offers the ingredients for building a normative theory of expertise on the basis of the evidence that social scientists and philosophers have uncovered.

Keywords

Applying the Neyman-Rubin Model Attributing Expertise in Uncertain Times Consensus and Its Critics Consensus in Science Consensus in the Social Sciences Disagreement, Compromise, and the Problem of Relevance Expert-Based Consensus Experts and Evidence in Economics Institutional Economics of Stakeholder Consultation Model-Based Consensus Philosophies of Experts and Consensus Politics of Expertise Rational Consensus Scientific Expertise Social, Economic and Political Problems Validation of Experts Validation of Experts

Editors and affiliations

  • Carlo Martini
    • 1
  • Marcel Boumans
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Political and Economic StudiesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08551-7
  • Copyright Information Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Cham
  • eBook Packages Humanities, Social Sciences and Law
  • Print ISBN 978-3-319-08550-0
  • Online ISBN 978-3-319-08551-7
  • Series Print ISSN 2211-2707
  • Series Online ISSN 2211-2723
  • About this book