© 2019

Protecting Victims of Human Trafficking From Liability

The European Approach


Part of the Palgrave Studies in Victims and Victimology book series (PSVV)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiv
  2. Julia Maria Muraszkiewicz
    Pages 1-13
  3. Julia Maria Muraszkiewicz
    Pages 15-43
  4. Julia Maria Muraszkiewicz
    Pages 45-78
  5. Julia Maria Muraszkiewicz
    Pages 79-100
  6. Julia Maria Muraszkiewicz
    Pages 101-120
  7. Julia Maria Muraszkiewicz
    Pages 121-143
  8. Julia Maria Muraszkiewicz
    Pages 145-168
  9. Julia Maria Muraszkiewicz
    Pages 169-196
  10. Julia Maria Muraszkiewicz
    Pages 197-207
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 209-213

About this book


This books demonstrates the difficulty of protecting victims of human trafficking from being held liable for crimes they were compelled to commit in the course, or as a consequence, of being trafficked, under current European law. The legislation remains vague and potentially inadequate to recognise victimhood, safeguard the human rights of victims, and avoid further victimisation. Wiliamson explains how the non-liability principle is rooted in criminal and human rights law, and proposes a more efficient provision and framework which would protect trafficked persons, and do better to encourage victims to act as witnesses in criminal proceedings against the perpetrators. In doing so the book will provide relevant stakeholders, including policy makers and law enforcement authorities, with a better understanding of the non-liability principle and how it ought to be used in practice.


victimology crime prevention human rights domestic violence child soldiers criminal law law enforcement police defence lawyers

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Trilateral Research & ConsultingLondonUK

About the authors

Julia Maria Williamson (neé Muraszkiewicz) is a Senior Research Analyst at Trilateral Research Ltd, London, UK. Her main areas of expertise include human trafficking, human rights law, migration, and European criminal law. She holds a PhD in Law from Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.

Bibliographic information


“This book adeptly and convincingly outlines and analyses the non-punishment principle – the notion that a person should not be penalised for offences they have been compelled to commit in the course, or as a consequence, of being trafficked. The scope of this rule remains contentious and its application problematic in many countries. Her book is an important contribution to the development of our understanding of this principle, which is crucial for the effective protection of people who have been trafficked.” (Ryszard Piotrowicz, Professor of Law, Aberystwyth University, Adjunct Professor or Law, University of South Austalia, and Second Vice-President, Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, Australia)

“A highly intelligent and important analysis of the development of law and policy in human trafficking, particularly the offender-victim matrix.” (Felicity Gerry QC, Professor of Legal Practice, Deakin University, Australia)