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The Values of Independent Hip-Hop in the Post-Golden Era

Hip-Hop’s Rebels

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  • Open Access
  • © 2019

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  • Explains the interactions between culture and subculture in the context of mainstream, independent and underground hip-hop
  • Articulates the relationship between independent hip-hop culture and race, class, gender, and oppositional consciousness
  • Methodological framework employing content analysis of artist lyrics and interviews with hip-hop fans

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About this book

Utilizing a mixed-methods approach, this book uncovers the historical trajectory of U.S. independent hip-hop in the post-golden era, seeking to understand its complex relationship to mainstream hip-hop culture and U.S. culture more generally.  Christopher Vito analyzes the lyrics of indie hip-hop albums from 2000-2013 to uncover the dominant ideologies of independent artists regarding race, class, gender, sexual orientation, and social change. These analyses inform interviews with members of the indie hip-hop community to explore the meanings that they associate with the culture today, how technological and media changes impact the boundaries between independent and major, and whether and how this shapes their engagement with oppositional consciousness. Ultimately, this book aims to understand the complex and contradictory cultural politics of independent hip-hop in the contemporary age.

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Table of contents (5 chapters)


The Values of Independent Hip-Hop in the Post-Golden Era: Hip Hop’s Rebels is a necessary read for every researcher, historian, scholar and hip-hop fan that seeks to better understand independent hip-hop and aspires to rebel and utilize hip-hop as a tool of resistance.” (DJ Kuttin Kandi, DJ, Artist, Organizer, and Activist)

“Christopher Vito has written an informative and compelling book on independent hip hop that examines how complexities of race, gender, class and sexuality are confronted within the genre.  This book illuminates a subculture that is rarely explored, shining a light on independent hip-hop’s power to counter mainstream ideology.” (Ninochka McTaggart, PhD, Senior Researcher, Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media, USA)


Authors and Affiliations

  • Southwestern College, Chula Vista, USA

    Christopher Vito

About the author

Christopher S. Vito, PhD, is Assistant Professor in Sociology at Southwestern College, USA. He has previously published in the International Journal of Cultural StudiesNORMA: International Journal for Masculinity Studies, and Korea Journal.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: The Values of Independent Hip-Hop in the Post-Golden Era

  • Book Subtitle: Hip-Hop’s Rebels

  • Authors: Christopher Vito

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Palgrave Pivot Cham

  • eBook Packages: Social Sciences, Social Sciences (R0)

  • Copyright Information: The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2019

  • Hardcover ISBN: 978-3-030-02480-2Published: 22 February 2019

  • eBook ISBN: 978-3-030-02481-9Published: 08 February 2019

  • Edition Number: 1

  • Number of Pages: XV, 184

  • Number of Illustrations: 4 b/w illustrations, 4 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Media Sociology, Sociology of Culture, Political Sociology, Music, Cultural Theory

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