# Turning Points in the History of Mathematics

Part of the Compact Textbooks in Mathematics book series (CTM)

Part of the Compact Textbooks in Mathematics book series (CTM)

This book explores some of the major turning points in the history of mathematics, ranging from ancient Greece to the present, demonstrating the drama that has often been a part of its evolution. Studying these breakthroughs, transitions, and revolutions, their stumbling-blocks and their triumphs, can help illuminate the importance of the history of mathematics for its teaching, learning, and appreciation.

Some of the turning points considered are the rise of the axiomatic method (most famously in Euclid), and the subsequent major changes in it (for example, by David Hilbert); the “wedding,” via analytic geometry, of algebra and geometry; the “taming” of the infinitely small and the infinitely large; the passages from algebra to algebras, from geometry to geometries, and from arithmetic to arithmetics; and the revolutions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that resulted from Georg Cantor’s creation of transfinite set theory. The origin of each turning point is discussed, along with the mathematicians involved and some of the mathematics that resulted. Problems and projects are included in each chapter to extend and increase understanding of the material. Substantial reference lists are also provided.

*Turning Points in the History of Mathematics* will be a valuable resource for teachers of, and students in, courses in mathematics or its history. The book should also be of interest to anyone with a background in mathematics who wishes to learn more about the important moments in its development.

Axiomatics History of Calculus History of Mathematics Mathematics Education Non-Euclidean Geometry Philosohpy of Mathematics

- DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-3264-1
- Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2015
- Publisher Name Birkhäuser, New York, NY
- eBook Packages Mathematics and Statistics
- Print ISBN 978-1-4939-3263-4
- Online ISBN 978-1-4939-3264-1
- Series Print ISSN 2296-4568
- Series Online ISSN 2296-455X
- About this book