Flammability of Cartoned Lithium Ion Batteries

  • R. Thomas Long Jr.
  • Jason A. Sutula
  • Michael J. Kahn

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Fire book series (BRIEFSFIRE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. R. Thomas Long Jr., Jason A. Sutula, Michael J. Kahn
    Pages 1-3
  3. R. Thomas Long Jr., Jason A. Sutula, Michael J. Kahn
    Pages 5-8
  4. R. Thomas Long Jr., Jason A. Sutula, Michael J. Kahn
    Pages 9-16
  5. R. Thomas Long Jr., Jason A. Sutula, Michael J. Kahn
    Pages 17-19
  6. R. Thomas Long Jr., Jason A. Sutula, Michael J. Kahn
    Pages 21-22
  7. R. Thomas Long Jr., Jason A. Sutula, Michael J. Kahn
    Pages 23-31

About this book

Introduction

This SpringerBrief summarizes a full-scale, reduced commodity fire testing comparison of cartoned Lithium ion batteries and FM Global standard commodities in a rack storage configuration, as reported by FM Global. Tests evaluate the flammability characteristics of the materials and the effectiveness of ceiling level only sprinkler protection. The testing methods, discussed in depth, are scaled down from standard commodity classification testing due to the inordinate costs of Li-ion batteries. Small format Li-ion battery commodities represent both commercially available battery formats and Li-ion battery containing devices. The selected Li-ion battery types are individual 18650 format cylindrical cells, power tool packs comprised of 18650 format cells and polymer cells. The selected comparison commodities are the FM Global standard Class 2 and Cartoned Unexpanded Plastic (CUP). The results offer insight into the combined effects of different storage heights, ceiling height, protection system design, battery density, state of charge and battery type. Flammability of Cartoned Lithium Ion Batteries is intended for practitioners as a tool for analyzing commodity testing methods and providing data about potential hazards. Researchers working in a related field will also find the book valuable.

Keywords

Battery capability Flammability characterization Hazard and use assessment Li-ion Lithium ion battery cells Small battery packs

Authors and affiliations

  • R. Thomas Long Jr.
    • 1
  • Jason A. Sutula
    • 2
  • Michael J. Kahn
    • 3
  1. 1.Exponent, Inc.BowieUSA
  2. 2.Exponent, Inc.BowieUSA
  3. 3.Exponent, Inc.BowieUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1077-9
  • Copyright Information Fire Protection Research Foundation 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Computer Science
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4939-1076-2
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4939-1077-9
  • Series Print ISSN 2193-6595
  • Series Online ISSN 2193-6609
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Pharma
Materials & Steel
Automotive
Chemical Manufacturing
Biotechnology
Finance, Business & Banking
Energy, Utilities & Environment
Aerospace
Engineering