Assessment of Total Evacuation Systems for Tall Buildings

  • Enrico Ronchi
  • Daniel Nilsson

Part of the SpringerBriefs in Fire book series (BRIEFSFIRE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Enrico Ronchi, Daniel Nilsson
    Pages 1-3
  3. Enrico Ronchi, Daniel Nilsson
    Pages 5-6
  4. Enrico Ronchi, Daniel Nilsson
    Pages 7-8
  5. Enrico Ronchi, Daniel Nilsson
    Pages 9-38
  6. Enrico Ronchi, Daniel Nilsson
    Pages 39-41
  7. Enrico Ronchi, Daniel Nilsson
    Pages 43-44
  8. Enrico Ronchi, Daniel Nilsson
    Pages 45-45
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 47-51

About this book

Introduction

This SpringerBrief focuses on the use of egress models to assess the optimal strategy for total evacuation in high-rise buildings. It investigates occupant relocation and evacuation strategies involving the exit stairs, elevators, sky bridges and combinations thereof. Chapters review existing information on this topic and describe case study simulations of a multi-component exit strategy. This review provides the architectural design, regulatory and research communities with a thorough understanding of the current and emerging evacuation procedures and possible future options. A model case study simulates seven possible strategies for the total evacuation of two identical twin towers linked with two sky-bridges at different heights. The authors present the layout of the building and the available egress components including both vertical and horizontal egress components, namely stairs, occupant evacuation elevators (OEEs), service elevators, transfer floors and sky-bridges. The evacuation strategies employ a continuous spatial representation evacuation model (Pathfinder) and are cross-validated by a fine network model (STEPS). Assessment of Total Evacuation Systems for Tall Buildings is intended for practitioners as a tool for analyzing evacuation methods and efficient exit strategies. Researchers working in architecture and fire safety will also find the book valuable.

Keywords

Building structure Case study simulations Elevators Evacuation safety Evacuation systems Exit stairs Exit strategy High rise building fire safety Tall building safety

Authors and affiliations

  • Enrico Ronchi
    • 1
  • Daniel Nilsson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Fire Safety EngineeringLund UniversityLundSweden
  2. 2.Department of Fire Safety EngineeringLund UniversityLundSweden

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1074-8
  • Copyright Information Fire Protection Research Foundation 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Computer Science
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4939-1073-1
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4939-1074-8
  • Series Print ISSN 2193-6595
  • Series Online ISSN 2193-6609
  • About this book
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