The Dynamic Interlanguage

Empirical Studies in Second Language Variation

  • Miriam R. Eisenstein

Part of the Topics in Language and Linguistics book series (TLLI)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Theoretical Issues in Interlanguage Variation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Elaine E. Tarone
      Pages 3-15
    3. Jan H. Hulstijn
      Pages 17-31
    4. Jane Zuengler
      Pages 49-67
  3. Adjustment in Native and Nonnative Discourse

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 69-69
    2. Susan M. Gass, Evangeline Marlos Varonis
      Pages 71-86
  4. Alternative Varieties and Second-Language Acquisition

  5. Aspects of Variation in Language Learning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 185-185
    2. Leslie M. Beebe, Tomoko Takahashi
      Pages 199-218
    3. Ellen M. Rintell
      Pages 237-257
  6. Suggestions for Pedagogy

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 259-259
    2. Nathalie Bailey
      Pages 279-296
    3. Helaine W. Marshall
      Pages 297-315
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 317-323

About this book


Recent work in applied linguistics has expanded our understanding of the rule­ governed nature of language. The concept of an idealized speaker -hearer whose linguistic competence is abstract and separate from reality has been enriched by the notion of an actual interlocutor who possesses communicative compe­ tence, a knowledge of language which accounts for its use in real-world con­ texts. Areas of variation previously relegated to idiosyncratic differences in performance have been found to be dynamic yet consistent and lend themselves to study and systematic description. Because language acquisition involves the development of communicative competence, by its very nature it incorporates variation and systematicity. Sec­ ond-language acquisition is similarly variable, since interlanguage is subject to the same universal and language-specific conventions. In addition, aspects of the second language have been found to be unevenly acquired and are differ­ entially reflected in particular contexts or settings. Yet, despite our expanding knowledge, this variability is only beginning to be treated in much of the sec­ ond-language acquisition literature. This volume presents the work of some researchers and methodologists who have taken on the challenge of including variation in their research designs and pedagogical recommendations. Variation is shown to be relevant to lin­ guistic, social, and psychological aspects of language. It is apparent in the registers and dialects of the target language and in the inter language of learners.


English literature Language Learning applied linguistics concept discourse dynamics emotion knowledge language language acquisition linguistics literature register second language writing

Editors and affiliations

  • Miriam R. Eisenstein
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Communication Arts and SciencesNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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