Magnetite Biomineralization and Magnetoreception in Organisms

A New Biomagnetism

  • Joseph L. Kirschvink
  • Douglas S. Jones
  • Bruce J. MacFadden

Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 5)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Introduction and Background

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-2
    2. Heinz A. Lowenstam, Joseph L. Kirschvink
      Pages 3-15
    3. Subir K. Banerjee, Bruce M. Moskowitz
      Pages 17-41
    4. M. Fuller, W. S. Goree, W. L. Goodman
      Pages 103-151
  3. Experimental Techniques and Instrumentation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 153-154
    2. Michael M. Walker, Joseph L. Kirschvink, Anjanette Perry, Andrew E. Dizon
      Pages 155-166
    3. Benjamin Walcott
      Pages 183-195
    4. Gary R. Scott, Cliff Frohlich
      Pages 197-220
  4. Magnetoreception: Theoretical Considerations

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 221-221
    2. Bruce Rosenblum, Roger L. Jungerman, Laurent Longfellow
      Pages 223-232
    3. Joseph L. Kirschvink, Michael M. Walker
      Pages 243-254
  5. Magnetoreception and Magnetic Minerals in Living Organisms

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 255-256
    2. James L. Gould
      Pages 257-268
    3. Richard B. Frankel, Georgia C. Papaefthymiou, Richard P. Blakemore
      Pages 269-287
    4. Henrique G. P. Lins De Barros, Darci Motta S. Esquivel
      Pages 289-309

About this book


The mystery of how migrating animals find their way over unfamiliar terrain has intrigued people for centuries, and has been the focus of productive research in the biological sci­ ences for several decades. Whether or not the earth's magnetic field had anything to do with their navigational abilities has sufaced and been dismissed several times, beginning at least in the mid to late 1800s. This topic generally remained out of the mainstream of scientific research for two reasons: (1) The apparent irreproducibility of many of the be­ havioral experiments which were supposed to demonstrate the existence of the magnetic sense; and (2) Perceived theoretical difficulties which were encountered when biophysi­ cists tried to understand how such a sensory system might operate. However, during the mid to late 1960s as the science of ethology (animal behavior) grew, it became clear from studies on bees and birds that the geomagnetic field is used under a variety of conditions. As more and more organisms were found to have similar abilities, the problem shifted back to the question as to the basis of this perception. Of the various schemes for trans­ ducing the geomagnetic field to the nervous system which have been proposed, the hy­ pothesis of magnetite-based magnetoreception discussed at length in this volume has per­ haps the best potential for explaining a wide range of these effects, even though this link is as yet clear only in the case of magnetotactic bacteria.


animal behavior animals bacteria behavior biological ethology experiment magnetic field mineral nervous system ontogeny perception physiology primates system

Editors and affiliations

  • Joseph L. Kirschvink
    • 1
  • Douglas S. Jones
    • 2
  • Bruce J. MacFadden
    • 3
  1. 1.California Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA
  2. 2.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Florida State MuseumUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag US 1985
  • Publisher Name Springer, Boston, MA
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4613-7992-8
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4613-0313-8
  • Series Print ISSN 0275-0120
  • About this book
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