Landscape Boundaries

Consequences for Biotic Diversity and Ecological Flows

  • Andrew J. Hansen
  • Francesco di Castri

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 92)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. General Patterns and Properties of Ecotones

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Paul A. Delcourt, Hazel R. Delcourt
      Pages 19-54
    3. Jacques Lepart, Max Debussche
      Pages 76-106
    4. Carol A. Johnston, John Pastor, Gilles Pinay
      Pages 107-125
  3. Biodiversity and Ecotones

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 127-127
    2. Ronald P. Neilson, George A. King, Robert L. DeVelice, James M. Lenihan
      Pages 129-149
    3. Gray Merriam, John Wegner
      Pages 150-169
  4. Ecological Flows and Ecotones

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 215-215
    2. Richard T. T. Forman, Perry N. Moore
      Pages 236-258
    3. Robert H. Gardner, Monica G. Turner, Virginia H. Dale, Robert V. O’Neill
      Pages 259-269
    4. F. J. Swanson, S. M. Wondzell, G. E. Grant
      Pages 304-323
  5. Case Studies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 325-325

About this book

Introduction

The emergence of landscape ecology during the 1980s represents an impor­ tant maturation of ecological theory. Once enamored with the conceptual beauty of well-balanced, homogeneous ecosystems, ecologists now assert that much of the essence of ecological systems lies in their lumpiness. Patches with differing properties and behaviors lie strewn across the land­ scape, products of the complex interactions of climate, disturbance, and biotic processes. It is the collective behavior of this patchwork of eco­ systems that drives pattern and process of the landscape. is not an end point This realization of the importance of patch dynamics in itself, however. Rather, it is a passage to a new conceptual framework, the internal workings of which remain obscure. The next tier of questions includes: What are the fundamental pieces that compose a landscape? How are these pieces bounded? To what extent do these boundaries influence communication and interaction among patches of the landscape? Will con­ sideration of the interactions among landscape elements help us to under­ stand the workings of landscapes? At the core of these questions lies the notion of the ecotone, a term with a lineage that even predates ecosystem. Late in the nineteenth century, F. E. Clements realized that the transition zones between plant communi­ ties had properties distinct from either of the adjacent communities. Not until the emergence of patch dynamics theory, however, has central signif­ icance of the ecotone concept become apparent.

Keywords

biology conservation biology ecology ecosystem ecosystems ecotone landscape ecology simulation

Editors and affiliations

  • Andrew J. Hansen
    • 1
  • Francesco di Castri
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forest ScienceOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.UNESCOParisFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-2804-2
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag New York 1992
  • Publisher Name Springer, New York, NY
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-1-4612-7677-7
  • Online ISBN 978-1-4612-2804-2
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-8356
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Chemical Manufacturing
Biotechnology
Consumer Packaged Goods
Pharma