Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. Robert Bireley
    Pages 1-24
  3. Robert Bireley
    Pages 25-44
  4. Robert Bireley
    Pages 45-69
  5. Robert Bireley
    Pages 70-95
  6. Robert Bireley
    Pages 96-120
  7. Robert Bireley
    Pages 121-146
  8. Robert Bireley
    Pages 147-174
  9. Robert Bireley
    Pages 175-200
  10. Robert Bireley
    Pages 201-211
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 212-231

About this book


Unlike the traditional terms Counter-Reformation or Catholic Reform, this book does not see Catholicism from 1450 to 1700 primarily in relationship to the Protestant Reformation but as both shaped by the revolutionary changes of the early modern period and actively refashioning itself in response to these changes: the emergence of the early modern state; economic growth and social dislocation; the expansion of Europe across the seas; the Renaissance; and, to be sure, the Protestant Reformation. Bireley devotes particular attention to new methods of evangelization in the Old World and the New, education at the elementary, secondary and university levels, the new active religious orders of women and men, and the effort to create a spirituality for the Christian living in the world. A final chapter looks at the issues raised by Machiavelli, Galileo and Pascal.
Robert Bireley is a leading Jesuit historian and uniquely well placed to reassess this centrally important subject for understanding the dynamics of early modern Europe. This book will be of great value to all those studying the political, social, religious and cultural history of the period.


early modern period Europe Expansion growth history reformation Renaissance revolution Renaissance revolution

Authors and affiliations

  • Robert Bireley
    • 1
  1. 1.Loyola University ChicagoUSA

Bibliographic information