Charity, Philanthropy and Reform

From the 1690s to 1850

  • Hugh Cunningham
  • Joanna Innes

About this book


The essays in this volume explore continuities and changes in the role of philanthropic organizations in Europe and North America in the period around the French Revolution. They aim to make connections between research on the early modern and late modern periods, and to analyze policies towards poverty in different countries within Europe and across the Atlantic. Cunningham and Innes highlight the new role for voluntary organizations emerging in the late eighteenth century and draws out the implications of this for received accounts of the development of welfare states.


eighteenth century England Europe France nation poverty revolution

Editors and affiliations

  • Hugh Cunningham
    • 1
  • Joanna Innes
    • 2
  1. 1.University of KentCanterburyUK
  2. 2.Somerville CollegeOxfordUK

Bibliographic information