Fundamentals of Cryobiology

Physical Phenomena and Mathematical Models

  • Alexander I. Zhmakin

Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XIV
  2. Action of Low Temperatures in Nature and Medicine

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 15-15
    2. Pages 1-14
  3. Cryoaction In Silico

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 95-96
    2. Pages 97-105
    3. Pages 107-140
    4. Pages 141-198
    5. Pages 199-200
  4. Back Matter
    Pages 201-278

About this book


The book gives a summary of the state-of-the-art of cryobiology and its applications. The accent is on the underlying physical phenomena, which are common in such opposite applications as cryosurgery and cryoconservation, and the corresponding mathematical models, including numerical ones. The treatment of some more special issues is moved to the appendices. The glossary contains definitions and explanations of the major entities. All the topics considered are well referenced. The book is useful to both biologists and physicits of different level including practioners and graduate students.


Cryobiology Cryopreservation Cryosurgery Freezing of biological objects Low-temperature biophysics biological effects low temperature surgery temperature tissue

Editors and affiliations

  • Alexander I. Zhmakin
    • 1
  1. 1.Russian Academy of SciencesA.E. Ioffe Physico-Technical InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia

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