Transnational Identities on Okinawa’s Military Bases

Invisible Armies

  • Johanna O. Zulueta

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Johanna O. Zulueta
    Pages 1-20
  3. Johanna O. Zulueta
    Pages 21-37
  4. Johanna O. Zulueta
    Pages 117-124
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 125-129

About this book


This book considers the role of civilian workers on U.S. bases in Okinawa, Japan and how transnational movements within East Asia during the Occupation period brought foreign workers, mostly from the Philippines, to work on these bases. Decades later, in a seeming “reproduction of base labour”, returnees of both Okinawan and Philippine heritage began occupying jobs on base as United States of Japan (USFJ) employees. The book investigates the role that ethnicity, nationality, and capital play in the lives of these base employees, and at the same time examines how Japanese and Okinawan identity/ies are formed and challenged. It offers a valuable resource for those interested in Japan and Okinawa, U.S. military basing, migration, and mixed ethnicities.


Military Bases in Japan and Okinawa Migration in Japan and Okinawa Civilian Base Workers Third-Country Nationals or TCNs Filipino Workers in Japan and Okinawa American Occupation of Okinawa United States Forces in Japan (USFJ) Identity Formation in Japan and Okinawa Half-Japanese or “hafu” Citizenship in Japan

Authors and affiliations

  • Johanna O. Zulueta
    • 1
  1. 1.Soka UniversityHachioji CityJapan

Bibliographic information