Authentic Problem Solving and Learning in the 21st Century

Perspectives from Singapore and Beyond

  • Young Hoan Cho
  • Imelda S. Caleon
  • Manu Kapur

Part of the Education Innovation Series book series (EDIN)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xi
  2. Introduction and Overview

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Young Hoan Cho, Imelda S. Caleon, Manu Kapur
      Pages 3-16
  3. Authentic Problems and Tasks

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 17-17
    2. Nachamma Sockalingam
      Pages 41-55
    3. Lu Pien Cheng, Tin Lam Toh
      Pages 57-71
  4. Problem-Based Learning Environments

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 73-73
    2. Karen Goh, Violet Chan, Mae Lee, Glen O’Grady
      Pages 93-113
  5. Authentic Practice in School

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 153-153
    2. Kenneth Y. T. Lim, David Hung, Ming De Yuen, Hon Jia Koh
      Pages 155-172
    3. Jongho Baek, Eunjung Koh, Young Hoan Cho, Dae Hong Jeong
      Pages 173-191
  6. Authentic Practice Through Productive Failure

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 211-211
    2. Manu Kapur, Leslie Toh
      Pages 213-227
    3. Michael Wiedmann, Ryan C. Leach, Nikol Rummel, Jennifer Wiley
      Pages 249-265
  7. Authentic Participation in Real-World Communities

  8. Conclusion and Future Direction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 345-345
    2. Young Hoan Cho, Imelda S. Caleon, Manu Kapur
      Pages 355-364
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 365-368

About this book


With the rapid changes in the social, political, economic and technological landscape around the world, today’s learners face a more globally competitive job market after leaving school. The 21st century, which is characterized by the emergence of knowledge-based societies, expects learners to be comfortable in dealing with ambiguities and complexities in the real world and to be able to use knowledge as a tool at their workplace. This book will help readers develop an in-depth understanding of authentic problem solving and learning, and how it can be used to make a difference in their school or learning communities for the development of 21st century competencies. Comprising 20 chapters written by Singapore-based and international authors, the book is organized into three themes: authentic problems, authentic practices, and authentic participation. It details innovative school practices (e.g. productive failure) concerning the design of problems, learning activities, learning environments, and ICT tools for authentic problem solving and learning. Along with theoretical explanations of authentic learning processes and outcomes, the book also elucidates how students learn by generating and exploring solutions to complex problems and which cognitive functions are needed at different stages of problem-based learning. Presenting coherent descriptions of instructional design principles, successful cases and challenges encountered in K-12 schools and learning communities, the book provides useful information, new insights, and practical guidance for school directors, parents, teachers and researchers seeking to develop authentic learning environments for 21st century learners.


Authentic learning community of practice learning technologies problem-based learning productive failure

Editors and affiliations

  • Young Hoan Cho
    • 1
  • Imelda S. Caleon
    • 2
  • Manu Kapur
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of EducationSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea (Republic of)
  2. 2.Nanyang Technological UniversityNational Institute of EducationSingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.Nanyang Technological UniversityNational Institute of EducationSingaporeSingapore

Bibliographic information