Education as Cultivation in Chinese Culture

  • Shihkuan Hsu
  • Yuh-Yin Wu

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Shihkuan Hsu
    Pages 1-17
  3. Hung-Chung Yen
    Pages 19-43
  4. Chin-Hsieh Lu
    Pages 45-61
  5. Chiou-Shiue Ko
    Pages 63-86
  6. Li-Juing Wu
    Pages 105-125
  7. Hsueh-Cheng Yen, Yuh-Yin Wu
    Pages 201-221
  8. Shihkuan Hsu, Tsun-Mu Hwang
    Pages 241-257
  9. Shihkuan Hsu
    Pages 259-273
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 275-288

About this book


Given the increasing global interest in Chinese culture, this book uses case studies to describe and interpret Chinese cultivation in contemporary Taiwanese schools. Cultivation is a concept unique to Chinese culture and is characterized by different attitudes towards teaching and learning compared to Western models of education. The book starts with a discussion of human nature in Chinese schools of philosophy and levels of goodness. Following the philosophical background is a presentation of how cultivation is practiced in Chinese culture from prenatal through high school education. The case studies focus both on how students are cultivated as they become members of Chinese society, and on what role teachers play in cultivating the children in school. In addition, common practices of Chinese educational institutions, including public schools, families, and organizations such as private cram schools, are introduced and explained. In closing, the book presents a critique of the modern school reform movement and the conflicts between the reform proposals and traditional practices. Based on the collective work of Taiwanese researchers in the fields of education, history and anthropology, the book identifies the purpose of education as cultivating virtue, the process of creating an ideal person who serves society, and describes the way teachers have carried on this tradition despite its faltering status in contemporary educational discourse and in the face of reform movements.


Chinese Education cultivation Chinese culture cultivation Chinese culture teaching and learning historical roots of Chinese education purpose of teaching in China role of teachers in China school reform Taiwan

Editors and affiliations

  • Shihkuan Hsu
    • 1
  • Yuh-Yin Wu
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Teacher EducationNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Psychology and CounselingNational Taipei University of EducationTaipeiTaiwan

Bibliographic information