Classroom Culture in China

Collective Individualism Learning Model

  • Xudong Zhu
  • Jian Li

About this book


This book comprehensively examines classroom culture in the Chinese context and develops the model of “collective-individualism-based learning.” Classroom culture plays a fundamental role in constructing students’ learning competencies, perceptions, and behaviors. This book puts forward a collective-individualism-based learning model to explain the classroom culture in China, both past and present.

The collective-individualism-based model reflects the individualized learning style of students in Chinese classroom culture, and is characterized by nine symbolic objects; a textbook, an exercise book, a pen, a blackboard, a screen, a computer, a table, a chair, and a platform. In addition to summarizing this approach to learning, the book examines the construction of a classroom culture with Chinese characteristics and argues that the collective-individualism-based model accurately portrays the personal learning style of students in a specific classroom culture that includes particular symbolic objects.


Classroom Classroom Traditions Classroom Structure Chinese Education Culture Chinese Education Traditions Chinese Primary School Chinese Basic Education Culture Chinese Basic Education Chinese Cultural Identity Chinese Educational Development

Authors and affiliations

  • Xudong Zhu
    • 1
  • Jian Li
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of EducationBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Faculty of EducationBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020
  • Publisher Name Springer, Singapore
  • eBook Packages Education Education (R0)
  • Print ISBN 978-981-15-1826-3
  • Online ISBN 978-981-15-1827-0
  • Series Print ISSN 2366-1658
  • Series Online ISSN 2366-1666
  • Buy this book on publisher's site