Diverging Approaches of Political Islamic Thought in Iran since the 1960s

  • Seyed Mohammad Lolaki

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxi
  2. Introduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Seyed Mohammad Lolaki
      Pages 11-33
  3. A Duality of Radicalism and Reform: Analyses of the Ideas of Khomeini, Shariati and Bazargan

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 35-35
    2. Seyed Mohammad Lolaki
      Pages 37-63
    3. Seyed Mohammad Lolaki
      Pages 85-99
    4. Seyed Mohammad Lolaki
      Pages 115-133
  4. Political Islamic Thought

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 135-135
    2. Seyed Mohammad Lolaki
      Pages 193-220
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 221-239

About this book


This book argues that Political Islam in the Iranian context evolved into three main schools of thought during the 1960s and 1970s: Jurisprudential Islam led by Ayatollah Khomeini, Leftist Islam led by Shariati, and Liberal Islam led by Bazargan. Despite the fact that all schools seek an Islamic state, their chosen methods and philosophical approaches diverge considerably. The synthesis of these three contrasting socio-political views is structured here to provide a coherent interpretation by means of ongoing comparison. This method has so far not been presented in academic studies within the field of Political Islam.

Furthermore, this book provides a critical analysis of the aforementioned ‘Political Islam’ schools in Iran, their similarities and differences, relative success or failure, their contribution to the revolution of 1979 and how they have evolved from the pre-revolution era to the present. 

Seyed Mohammad Lolaki is a researcher who received his PhD degree in Political Science and Public Policy from the University of Waikato, New Zealand, in September 2017. He obtained his Master's degree in Political Science from Mofid University of Qom in Iran in 2005. His current research interests include Political and Social Islam, modernist discourse and democracy in the Middle East.


Political Islamic Thought Political Islamic Thought in Iran Politics of Iran Islam in Iran Duality of Radicalism and Reform in Contemporary Iran The West and ‘Otherness’ Resurgence of Shia Ideas Politics and Religion in Iran Islamic government in Iran Democracy in contemporary Iran Authoritarianism contemporary Iran Islamic Empire Pluralistic vision of Islam in Iran

Authors and affiliations

  • Seyed Mohammad Lolaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Anglican Action, Te Ara Hou VillageCentre for Social JusticeHamiltonNew Zealand

Bibliographic information