Promising Biomarker Source for Early Disease Detection

  • Youhe Gao

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vi
  2. Theory, Strategy and Tools

  3. Urinary Biomarkers of Diseases

  4. Factors that Interfere Urinary Biomarkers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 195-195
  5. Other Treasures

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 227-227

About this book


This book demonstrates the potential of urine as a biomarker resource for early disease detection, covering the related theory, strategies, tools and findings. Biomarkers are measurable changes associated with diseases. Blood, as a critical part of its internal environment, is closely monitored and controlled by the body to maintain homeostasis, especially in the early stages of diseases. In contrast, urine, as a form of waste excreted by the body, collects a variety of substance changes. Accordingly, urine can offer an ideal resource for early biomarker discovery. In addition, urine is more stable than blood in vitro, and is easy to store and analyze. The book discusses exciting preliminary applications of urine biomarkers for diseases affecting major biological systems. Its main goal is to make scientists, clinicians and medical companies aware of this important, exciting, undeveloped, and profitable field.


Urine Biomarker Early diagnosis Animal models Cancers Kidney diseases

Editors and affiliations

  • Youhe Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Life SciencesBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

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