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© 2019

Astrobiology

From the Origins of Life to the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence

  • Akihiko Yamagishi
  • Takeshi Kakegawa
  • Tomohiro Usui
Book

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Introduction to Astrobiology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Akihiko Yamagishi
      Pages 3-7
  3. Physics and Chemistry from Space to Life

  4. History of Life Reveiled from Bilology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 75-75
    2. Shotaro Ayukawa, Toshihiko Enomoto, Daisuke Kiga
      Pages 77-90
    3. Satoshi Akanuma
      Pages 91-103
    4. Shin-ichi Yokobori, Ryutaro Furukawa
      Pages 105-121
    5. Satoshi Hanada
      Pages 137-152
    6. Mariko Hiraiwa-Hasegawa
      Pages 167-176
  5. History of the Earth Reveiled from Geology

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 177-177
    2. Shigeru Ida
      Pages 179-196
    3. Hidenori Genda
      Pages 197-207

About this book

Introduction

This book provides concise and cutting-edge reviews in astrobiology, a young and still emerging multidisciplinary field of science that addresses the fundamental questions of how life originated and diversified on Earth, whether life exists beyond Earth, and what is the future for life on Earth. Readers will find coverage of the latest understanding of a wide range of fascinating topics, including, for example, solar system formation, the origins of life, the history of Earth as revealed by geology, the evolution of intelligence on Earth, the implications of genome data, insights from extremophile research, and the possible existence of life on other planets within and beyond the solar system. Each chapter contains a brief summary of the current status of the topic under discussion, sufficient references to enable more detailed study, and descriptions of recent findings and forthcoming missions or anticipated research. Written by leading experts in astronomy, planetary science, geoscience, chemistry, biology, and physics, this insightful and thought-provoking book will appeal to all students and scientists who are interested in life and space.

Keywords

Origin of life Evolution Planets Extraterrestrial life Extra-terrestrial intelligence Extremophiles Multiverse Mass extinction Life on Mars Panspermia hypothesis Biosphere

Editors and affiliations

  • Akihiko Yamagishi
    • 1
  • Takeshi Kakegawa
    • 2
  • Tomohiro Usui
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Applied Life SciencesTokyo University of Pharmacy and Life SciencesTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of ScienceTohoku University GeosciencesMiyagiJapan
  3. 3.Department of Solar System SciencesInstitute for Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration AgencySagamiharaJapan

About the editors

Akihiko Yamagishi

Professor Emeritus of Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science. He received Ph.D. at the University of Tokyo. He had been the representative of Japan Astrobiology Network for ten years. He is a microbiologist especially interested in thermophiles and airborne microbes.  He is the Principal Investigator of the space experiment "Tanpopo" carried on International Space Station. He is also interested in molecular evolution and succeeded in resurrecting the ancient protein that was possessed by the common ancestor of all the living organisms about 4 billion years ago.

 

Takeshi Kakegawa

Professor of geochemistry at Tohoku University.  He received Ph.D. at Pennsylvania State University. He has been finding traces of life in ancient rocks. He and his colleagues were performing unique experiments to synthesize prebiotic organic molecules. He is trying to integrate geological and chemical information together to find the plausible pathway for the origin of life on the Earth. He is the fellow of honorable society of Phi Kappa Phi. 

 

Tomohiro Usui

Professor of Department of Solar System Sciences, Institute of Space and Aeronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.  He received a diploma in geology from the Tokyo Institute of Technology. He finished Ph.D. (geochemistry) under the supervision of Prof. Eizo Nakamura at the Institute for Study of the Earth’s Interior (ISEI), Misasa in 2004. Thereafter, he worked as a post-doctoral research fellow in the University of Tennessee and NASA Johnson Space Center. In April 2012 he joined the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology as a faculty member. His current research interest includes the historical evolution of climate, oceans/lakes, and habitability on Mars. 

Bibliographic information