© 2019

Black Masculinity and Hip-Hop Music

Black Gay Men Who Rap


Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-ix
  2. Xinling Li
    Pages 1-16
  3. Xinling Li
    Pages 101-130
  4. Xinling Li
    Pages 131-146
  5. Xinling Li
    Pages 147-158
  6. Back Matter
    Pages 159-179

About this book


This book offers an interdisciplinary study of hip-hop music written and performed by rappers who happen to be out black gay men. It examines the storytelling mechanisms of gay themed lyrics, and how these form protests and become enabling tools for (black) gay men to discuss issues such as living on the down-low and HIV/AIDS. It considers how the biased promotion of feminised gay male artists/characters in mainstream entertainment industry has rendered masculinity an exclusively male heterosexual property, providing a representational framework for men to identify with a form of “homosexual masculinity” – one that is constructed without having to either victimise anything feminine or necessarily convert to femininity. The book makes a strong case that it is possible for individuals (like gay rappers) to perform masculinity against masculinity, and open up a new way of striving for gender equality.


Gay Rappers Gay Music and Race Queer Hip-Hop Black Men Coming Out Dow Low Men and Black DL Men Black Gay Men Living with HIV/AIDS Franck Ocean and Rap Music Koaz, Bone Intel, Tim’m West, Lester Greene

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.ChengduChina

About the authors

XinLing Li is Associate Professor at the Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, China. He received his PhD from the University of Cambridge, UK.

Bibliographic information