About this book


This open access book asks why and how some of the developing countries have “emerged” under a set of similar global conditions, what led individual countries to choose the particular paths that led to their “emergence,” and what challenges confront them. If we are to understand the nature of major risks and uncertainties in the world, we must look squarely at the political and economic dynamics of emerging states, such as China, India, Brazil, Russia, and ASEAN countries. Their rapid economic development has changed the distribution of wealth and power in the world. Yet many of them have middle income status. To global governance issues, they tend to adopt approaches that differ from those of advanced industrialized democracies. At home, rapid economic growth and social changes put pressure on their institutions to change. This volume traces the historical trajectories of two major emerging states, China and India, and two city states, Hong Kong and Singapore. It also analyzes cross-country data to find the general patterns of economic development and sociopolitical change in relation to globalization and to the middle income trap.


emerging state BRIC middle-income trap global history globalization China model Beijing Consensus Regional trade Colonial state Economic agglomeration Developmental state Knowledge economy China India ASEAN Open Access

Editors and affiliations

  1. 1.Prefectural University of KumamotoKumamotoJapan
  2. 2.National Graduate Institute for Policy StudiesTokyoJapan

Bibliographic information

  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2019
  • License CC BY-NC-ND
  • Publisher Name Springer, Singapore
  • eBook Packages Economics and Finance
  • Print ISBN 978-981-13-2633-2
  • Online ISBN 978-981-13-2634-9
  • Series Print ISSN 2524-5015
  • Series Online ISSN 2524-5031
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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