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Acoustical Analysis of the Tanpura

Indian Plucked String Instrument

  • Describes in detail the acoustic characteristics of the tanpura using modern technology

  • Investigates various components of the tanpura used for manufacturing and their electron microscopic analysis

  • Establishes a relationship between human cognitive assessment and acoustic parameters

Book

Part of the Signals and Communication Technology book series (SCT)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Asoke Kumar Datta, Ranjan Sengupta, Kaushik Banerjee, Dipak Ghosh
    Pages 1-15
  3. Asoke Kumar Datta, Ranjan Sengupta, Kaushik Banerjee, Dipak Ghosh
    Pages 17-36
  4. Asoke Kumar Datta, Ranjan Sengupta, Kaushik Banerjee, Dipak Ghosh
    Pages 37-50
  5. Asoke Kumar Datta, Ranjan Sengupta, Kaushik Banerjee, Dipak Ghosh
    Pages 51-60
  6. Asoke Kumar Datta, Ranjan Sengupta, Kaushik Banerjee, Dipak Ghosh
    Pages 61-82
  7. Asoke Kumar Datta, Ranjan Sengupta, Kaushik Banerjee, Dipak Ghosh
    Pages 83-105
  8. Asoke Kumar Datta, Ranjan Sengupta, Kaushik Banerjee, Dipak Ghosh
    Pages 107-120
  9. Asoke Kumar Datta, Ranjan Sengupta, Kaushik Banerjee, Dipak Ghosh
    Pages 121-132
  10. Asoke Kumar Datta, Ranjan Sengupta, Kaushik Banerjee, Dipak Ghosh
    Pages 133-149
  11. Back Matter
    Pages 151-152

About this book

Introduction

This book addresses the acoustic signal analysis and spectral dynamics of the tanpura, an Indian plucked string instrument. In addition, it strives to provide a logical and objective explanation of Indian classical musicians’ cognitive experience. Issues of relevance in this regard include the rich, mellifluous sound; the undulation of the loudness; the somewhat cyclical variation of the timbre, which is strongly related to these undulations; and the occasional perception of virtual notes to which no strings are tuned.

The book analyses the materials used in the tanpura, the instrument’s simple structure, the intricacies of the lower bridge, and the theory of string vibration with variable string length. Cognitive experiments to provide the basis for perceptual quality assessment, as well as a methodology for ranking, are described. This is followed by acoustic analyses, both temporal and spectral, for sounds produced by male and female tanpuras, for each individual string and the combined one. An important aspect related to the naturalness of perceived sound, namely the intrinsically associated random perturbations, is also discussed. The apparent irregularities perceived in the acoustic signal produced by the tanpura reveal the importance of examining the signal from the perspective of non-linear analysis, an aspect that is also covered in the book.

Given its scope, the book will appeal to students and researchers in the fields of music acoustics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science, as well as musicians and musicologists around the world.

Keywords

musical quality acoustic quality perceptual quality assessment Tanpura music instrument complexity perturbations repetitive quasi-stable geometric music acoustics Tanpura signal processing Perception of Virtual Notes Non linear analysis

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.Sir C V Raman Centre for Physics and MusicJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Sir C V Raman Centre for Physics and MusicJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  3. 3.Sir C V Raman Centre for Physics and MusicJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  4. 4.Sir C V Raman Centre for Physics and MusicJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Acoustical Analysis of the Tanpura
  • Book Subtitle Indian Plucked String Instrument
  • Authors Asoke Kumar Datta
    Ranjan Sengupta
    Kaushik Banerjee
    Dipak Ghosh
  • Series Title Signals and Communication Technology
  • Series Abbreviated Title Signals, Communication Technology
  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2610-3
  • Copyright Information Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019
  • Publisher Name Springer, Singapore
  • eBook Packages Engineering Engineering (R0)
  • Hardcover ISBN 978-981-13-2609-7
  • Softcover ISBN 978-981-13-4796-2
  • eBook ISBN 978-981-13-2610-3
  • Series ISSN 1860-4862
  • Series E-ISSN 1860-4870
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XVII, 152
  • Number of Illustrations 45 b/w illustrations, 42 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Signal, Image and Speech Processing
    Acoustics
    Mathematics in Music
    Engineering Acoustics
  • Buy this book on publisher's site
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