© 2019

Urban Drought

Emerging Water Challenges in Asia

  • Bhaswati Ray
  • Rajib Shaw
  • Addresses water security as the major challenge for Asian cities and provides secure and sustainable solutions

  • Gives an interdisciplinary perspective in the analysis of complex issues

  • Written by scholars and practitioners with acknowledged expertise in the field

  • Provides a pathway towards a more water-secure Asia amidst compounding threats from climate and disaster risks


Part of the Disaster Risk Reduction book series (DRR)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Bhaswati Ray, Rajib Shaw
    Pages 1-15
  3. Bhaswati Ray, Rajib Shaw
    Pages 17-32
  4. Bhaswati Ray, Rajib Shaw
    Pages 33-51
  5. Bhaswati Ray, Rajib Shaw
    Pages 53-68
  6. Bijon Kumer Mitra, Rajib Shaw, Wanglin Yan, Tomoko Takeda
    Pages 69-86
  7. Shyamli Singh, Vinod K. Sharma
    Pages 155-167
  8. Basanta Raj Adhikari, Suresh Das Shrestha, Narendra Man Shakya
    Pages 169-182
  9. Emma Porio, Jessica Dator-Bercilla, Gemma Narisma, Faye Cruz, Antonia Yulo-Loyzaga
    Pages 183-208
  10. Emily Ying Yang Chan, Janice Ying-en Ho
    Pages 241-262
  11. Ali Ardalan, Mona Khaleghy Rad, Mahdi Hadi
    Pages 263-288
  12. Atta-ur Rahman, Attaullah Khan, Noorul Haq, Samiullah, Rajib Shaw
    Pages 289-309
  13. A. J. M. K. K. Aviruppola, K. W. G. Rekha Nianthi
    Pages 311-328

About this book


This book presents water insecurity issues in urban areas while developing a water security index and explores the innovative approaches to water development and management with examples from Asian cities. The urban water crisis is a global phenomenon, but it is more obvious in the megacities of the developing world. Urban drought, although not a familiar term, will pose a significant threat to humankind in the near future, especially in the context of increasing population in cities. Many cities are already unable to provide safe, clean water for their citizens. Some of the world’s largest cities depend heavily on groundwater for their water supply. It is unlikely that dependence on aquifers, which take many years to recharge, will be sustainable. As urban populations grow, water use will need to shift from agriculture to municipal and industrial uses, making decisions about allocating between different sectors difficult.

Inefficient water-use practices by households and industries, fragmented management of water between sectors and institutions, climate-induced water shortages, environmental degradation of water sources, and inadequate use of alternate sources are also issues of major concern. Despite recent advances in the literature, there exists a considerable gap in attempting an integrated water-resource management approach.

Covering all aspects of urban drought and water insecurity, this book is a valuable resource for students, researchers, academics, policy makers, and development practitioners.


Water insecurity Innovative water practices Urban water challenges Drought in Asian Cities Water-security index Water in Asian cities Water development and management Resilience in the urban water sector

Editors and affiliations

  • Bhaswati Ray
    • 1
  • Rajib Shaw
    • 2
  1. 1.Sivanath Sastri CollegeUniversity of CalcuttaKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Graduate School of Media and GovernanceKeio UniversityFujisawaJapan

About the editors

Dr. Bhaswati Ray is a faculty member at Sivanath Sastri College (affiliated with the University of Calcutta), Kolkata, India. She is also a guest faculty member in the Post-Graduate Department of Geography, Vivekananda College for Women, Kolkata. An ardent researcher with immense field experience, her research area encompasses environmental issues and resource management, risk and vulnerability assessment, hazard perception, disaster preparedness, and resilience building. Her papers at national and international conferences have been on diverse topics including environmental hazard perception and risk management, resource management, and sustainable practices for enhanced resilience. She is the sole author of a reference book, with more than 10 publications including academic papers and book chapters to her credit. The hazards of water contamination and water scarcity implications, policy adaptations, governance issues, and sustainable adaptations for water management in both rural and urban areas have been her major contributions.

Rajib Shaw is a professor of Keio University in its Shonan Fujisawa Campus (SFC) in Japan. Earlier, he was the Executive Director of IRDR (Integrated Research on Disaster Risk)-a decade-long research program co-sponsored by the International Council for Science (ICSU), the International Social Science Council (ISSC), and the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR).He is the Chair of the UN ISDR’s Science Technology Advisory Group(STAG) at the global level, as well as the Co-chair of UN ISDR’s Asia Science Technology Academic Advisory Group (ASTAAG). In IRDR, he currently, serves as the Science Committee member. He is also the Senior Fellow of Institute of Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) Japan, and the Chairperson of SEEDS Asia, a Japanese NGO. Previously, he was a Professor in the Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies of Kyoto University, Japan. His expertise includes community-based disaster risk management, climate change adaptation, urban risk management, and disaster and environmental education. He has published more than 40 books and over 300 academic papers and book chapters.


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