© 2018

Sustainable Houses and Living in the Hot-Humid Climates of Asia

  • Tetsu Kubota
  • Hom Bahadur Rijal
  • Hiroto Takaguchi

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. Tetsu Kubota
    Pages 1-10
  3. Vernacular Architecture

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 11-11
    2. Arif Sarwo Wibowo, Muhammad Nur Fajri Alfata, Tetsu Kubota
      Pages 13-23
    3. Doris Hooi Chyee Toe
      Pages 25-35
    4. Soichi Hata, Mohammad Hussaini Wahab
      Pages 37-45
    5. Madhavi Indraganti
      Pages 47-58
    6. Hom Bahadur Rijal
      Pages 59-66
    7. Toshiyuki Watanabe, Daisuke Sumiyoshi
      Pages 67-76
  4. Adaptive Thermal Comfort

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 101-101
    2. Michael A. Humphreys, J. Fergus Nicol
      Pages 103-113
    3. Tri Harso Karyono
      Pages 115-121
    4. Tomoko Uno, Daisuke Oka, Shuichi Hokoi, Sri Nastiti N. Ekasiwi, Noor Hanita Abdul Majid
      Pages 131-144
    5. Madhavi Indraganti, Kavita Daryani Rao
      Pages 165-174

About this book


This book provides information on the latest research findings that are useful in the context of designing sustainable houses and living in rapidly growing Asian cities. The book is composed of seven parts, comprising a total of 50 chapters written by 53 authors from various countries, mainly in the Asian region. Part I introduces vernacular houses in different Asian countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, India, Nepal, China, Thailand and Laos. Parts II and III then explore in depth indoor adaptive thermal comfort and occupants’ adaptive behavior, focusing especially on those in hot-humid climates. Part IV presents detailed survey results on household energy consumption in various tropical Asian cities, while Part V analyses the indoor thermal conditions in both traditional houses and modern houses in these countries. Several real-world sustainable housing practices in Asian cities are reviewed in the following part. The final part then discusses the vulnerability of expanding Asian cities to climate change and urban heat island.

Today, approximately 35-40% of global energy is consumed in Asia, and this percentage is expected to rise further. Energy consumption has increased, particularly in the residential sector, in line with the rapid rise of the middle class. The majority of growing Asian cities are located in hot and humid climate regions, and as such there is an urgent need for designers to provide healthy and comfortable indoor environments that do not consume non-renewable energy or resources excessively. This book is essential reading for anyone with an interest in sustainable house design in the growing cities of Asia.


Developing countries Sustainability Tropics Energy-saving Thermal comfort Occupants’ behaviour Window opening Adaptive comfort Passive cooling Vernacular architecture Urban heat island Household energy consumption Climate change Green growth Southeast Asia South Asia Exergy

Editors and affiliations

  • Tetsu Kubota
    • 1
  • Hom Bahadur Rijal
    • 2
  • Hiroto Takaguchi
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC)Hiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Restoration Ecology and Built EnvironmentTokyo City UniversityYokohamaJapan
  3. 3.Department of ArchitectureWaseda UniversityTokyoJapan

About the editors

Dr. Tetsu Kubota
Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan

Prof. Dr. Hom B. Rijal
Tokyo City University, Yokohama, Japan

Prof. Dr. Hiroto Takaguchi
Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan

Bibliographic information

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