China's Private Army

Protecting the New Silk Road

  • Alessandro Arduino

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xii
  2. Alessandro Arduino
    Pages 1-30
  3. Alessandro Arduino
    Pages 31-67
  4. Alessandro Arduino
    Pages 69-113
  5. Alessandro Arduino
    Pages 115-150
  6. Alessandro Arduino
    Pages 151-170
  7. Back Matter
    Pages 171-176

About this book


This book illustrates the role that Private Security Companies (PSC) with ‘Chinese characteristics’ play in protecting people and property associated with the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The revival of the ancient Silk Road economic “belt,” combined with the 21st Century sea lanes of communication known as the “road,” is intended to enhance global connectivity and increase commercial activity. However, the socio-political risks associated with Chinese outbound direct investments are often overlooked. Terrorism, separatism, kidnapping and other risks are mostly new to Chinese companies, some of which are operating abroad for the first time. Economic globalization and the transnational exploitation of natural resources have increased the need for Chinese-owned PSCs in spite of the disdain for the profession of “a lance for hire.” Due to peculiar geo-strategic and geo-economic features, the “belt” from Central Asia to Pakistan and the “road” from the Somali coast to the Strait of Malacca are characterized by a high level of insecurity. This book’s focus on how the state’s monopoly of force privatization can play a significant role in protecting the New Silk Road will be of interest to policymakers, journalists, and academics.


Private Military One Belt, One Road Chinese Development Anti-terrorism Military Studies

Authors and affiliations

  • Alessandro Arduino
    • 1
  1. 1.Co-Director Security & Crisis Management ProgramShanghai Academy of Social Sciences—UNITOShanghaiChina

Bibliographic information