© 2018

Open and Distance Non-formal Education in Developing Countries


Part of the SpringerBriefs in Education book series (BRIEFSEDUCAT)

Also part of the SpringerBriefs in Open and Distance Education book sub series (BRIEFSODE)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Background to the Study

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Colin Latchem
      Pages 3-9
    3. Colin Latchem
      Pages 11-17
  3. Technology and Media for Open and Distance Non-formal Education

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 19-19
    2. Colin Latchem
      Pages 21-27
    3. Colin Latchem
      Pages 29-35
    4. Colin Latchem
      Pages 47-54
    5. Colin Latchem
      Pages 55-60
  4. Cases of Open and Distance Non-formal Education

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 61-61
    2. Colin Latchem
      Pages 63-75
    3. Colin Latchem
      Pages 93-105
    4. Colin Latchem
      Pages 131-143
    5. Colin Latchem
      Pages 145-154
    6. Colin Latchem
      Pages 155-165
  5. Conclusion

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 167-167

About this book


This book is the first comprehensive account of developments in open and distance non-formal education in developing countries for over more than 20 years. It includes many instructive and inspiring examples of how international agencies such as UNESCO, FAO, WHO, UNICEF, USAID and the Commonwealth of Learning and national providers are using radio, TV, online and mobile learning, telecentres and other means to achieve the Education for All, Millennium Development and Sustainable Development Goals. 

It describes the educational needs of the world’s most disadvantaged, vulnerable and least formally educated children, youth and adult populations, including the disabled, refugees and prisoners. It also reports on the successes, outcomes, constraints and shortcomings of using open and distance methods and technology to deliver literacy and numeracy programmes, equivalency, ‘second chance’ or alternative schooling, life skills and rural community development programmes and income generation and vocational training outside the framework of the formal education system. It concludes with suggestions for the extension and improvement of such lifelong learning. 

Designed to encourage further research and development in these capacity-building practices outside the established formal system, this is a must-read for all policy-makers, managers, educators, students and researchers interested in non-formal education for individuals, families and communities in the developing world.


Open learning distance education online learning mobile learning international education development sustainable development goals learning design nonformal education access and equity developing countries education

Authors and affiliations

  1. 1.PerthAustralia

About the authors

Colin Latchem was formerly the Head of the Teaching Learning Group at Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, where he was responsible for academic staff development, open and distance education and educational technology support services. He is also a former National President of the Open and Distance Learning Association of Australia (ODLAA) and an Associate Editor of the journal Distance Education. Since retiring from Curtin, he has been a visiting professor / researcher at a number of Asia and European universities, has consulted for such organisations as the Commonwealth Secretariat, Commonwealth of Learning and AusAID and has been a keynote speaker and workshop organiser at international conferences in Australia, Asia, the Middle East, the USA and the Caribbean. His books include Leadership for 21st Century Learning (with Donald E Hanna); Distance and Blended Learning in Asia (with Insung Jung); Quality Assurance and Accreditation in Distance Education and E-learning (with Insung Jung); A Quality Assurance Toolkit for Open and Distance Non-formal Education; Open and Distance Learning Quality Assurance in Commonwealth Universities; and Using ICTs and Blended Learning in Transforming TVET. He has also written numerous book chapters and journal articles on open and distance education and is Co-editor of the Springerbriefs in Open and Distance Education series.

Bibliographic information

  • Book Title Open and Distance Non-formal Education in Developing Countries
  • Authors Colin Latchem
  • Series Title SpringerBriefs in Education
  • Series Abbreviated Title SpringerBriefs in Education
  • DOI
  • Copyright Information The Author(s) 2018
  • Publisher Name Springer, Singapore
  • eBook Packages Education Education (R0)
  • Softcover ISBN 978-981-10-6740-2
  • eBook ISBN 978-981-10-6741-9
  • Series ISSN 2211-1921
  • Series E-ISSN 2211-193X
  • Edition Number 1
  • Number of Pages XX, 178
  • Number of Illustrations 0 b/w illustrations, 0 illustrations in colour
  • Topics Educational Technology
    Learning & Instruction
    International and Comparative Education
  • Buy this book on publisher's site


“Readers will be impressed with the wide-ranging examples of rich and often innovative ways in which ODL NFE is being used. … the book serves as both an inspiration and practical guide for those working in the non-formal education sector, especially in developing countries, be they practitioners or policy makers.” (Romeela Mohee, Journal of Learning for Development, Vol. 06 (1), 2019)